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Identifiering av svenska fragment: har kontexten någon betydelse?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Identifying Swedish Fragments : Does the Context have any Meaning? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning om identifiering av fragment och ordigenkänning visar att resultaten ökar om deltagare har sett orden de ska identifiera tidigare eller om ordfragmenten presenteras i sin rätta kontext. I den här studien undersöktes påverkan av kontexten vid identifiering av svenska fragment genom att använda primingparadigm. Svenska talare blev indelade i två grupper, Priming och Kontroll och testades med online-enkäter. I Priming fick deltagarna läsa en text och sedan fylla i fragment från texten medans deltagarna i Kontroll endast fyllde i fragmenten. Resultaten visade motsatsen till tidigare forskning. Deltagarna i kontrollgruppen presterade bättre och lyckades identifiera fler korrekta fragment än de deltagare som fick läsa orden i en komplett text innan de blev ombedda att fullfölja fragmenten. En möjlig orsak till detta kan vara att texten var för lång vilket ledde till en frustration hos deltagarna som hämmade dem från att få ett bra resultat. Resultaten visade även att män, överlag lyckades identifiera fler korrekta fragment än vad kvinnor kunde. Detta kan bero på faktorer som koncentration eller förmåga att komma ihåg detaljer. Vid identifiering av verb och substantiv visade det sig vara enklare att identifiera verb när de presenterades i isolation och substantiv när de presenterades i sin rätta kontext. Detta stämmer överrens med tidigare forskning som visade att verb och substantiv är representerade på olika platser i hjärnan och påverkas därför annorlunda vid processning. Vidare forskning med fler deltagare uppmuntras för att kunna undersöka ytterligare aspekter som kan ha påverkat resultatet.

Abstract [en]

Previous research on identification of fragments and word recognition showed that results increased if participants had seen the words that they were supposed to identify previously, or if the fragments were presented in their accurate context. In this study, the influence of context was investigated in identification of Swedish fragments by using priming paradigm. Swedish speakers were divided into two groups, Priming and Kontroll and were tested with online surveys. In Priming the participants read a text and then filled in fragments to create words, whilst the participants in Kontroll only filled in the fragments. The results in this study contrast with previous research on context priming. Participants in the control group performed better and were able to identify more accurate fragments then the participants that read the words in their right context before they were asked to complete the fragments. A possible reason for this could be that the text they read was simply too long which lead to frustration among the participants which had an inhibitory effect. The results also showed that men were able to identify more accurate fragments than women, over all. Factors like concentration or the ability to remember details could be a reason for this. Identification of verbs and nouns showed that it was easier to identify verbs when they were presented in isolation and nouns when they were presented in their right context. This corresponds with previous research that showed that verbs and nouns are presented in different places in the brain and hence, affected differently when processed. Further research, with more participants is encouraged in order to investigate additional aspects that could have influenced the results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Fragments, identification, gender differences, priming, Swedish
Keyword [sv]
Priming, fragment, identifiering, könsskillnader, svenska
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144324OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144324DiVA: diva2:1111035
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Identifiering av svenska fragment: har kontexten någon betydelse?(830 kB)25 downloads
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