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Bloddialyspatienters kunskap om fosfatmedicinering.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Fosfatbindande läkemedel är en viktig del i hemodialyspatienters behandling. Läkemedlet hjälper till att avlägsna fosfat ifrån kroppen, eftersom hyperfosfatemi annars ökar risken för kardiovaskulära sjukdomar. Trots den kunskapen har tidigare forskning visat att den kunskapen ibland uteblir hos hemodialyspatienter.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hemodialyspatienters upplevelse av kunskap angående fosfatbindande läkemedel.

Metod: En kvantitativ enkätundersökning på en hemodialysenhet i Mellansverige. Där svaren redovisas med deskriptiv statistik.

Resultat: Studien visar på brister i hemodialyspatienters upplevelse av kunskap angående fosfatmedicinering både vad det gäller bristande information från sjukvårdspersonal men också brist på motivation att ta reda på informationen på egen hand. Dessutom visar studien på brister vad det gäller hemodialyspatienters förståelse till vikten av fosfatmedicinering.

Slutsats: Studien visar att cirka hälften av hemodialyspatienterna upplever att de har kunskap för att kunna administrera fosfatbindande läkemedel på ett korrekt sätt. Men det finns fortfarande brister hos en del patienter vad det gäller kunskapen om fosfatbindande läkemedel.

Abstract [en]

Background: Phosphate-binding drugs are an important part of hemodialysis patient´s treatment because the drug helps to remove phosphate from there body, which otherwise increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Previous research has shown that this knowledge is sometimes missing by hemodialysis patients.

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the experience of knowledge about phosphate-binding drugs by hemodialysis patients.

Method: A quantitative surveys at a hemodialysis unit in the central of Sweden. Where the answers are reported with descriptive statistics.

Results: The study shows deficiencies in hemodialysis patients’ experience of knowledge about phosphate medication, both in terms of lack information from healthcare professionals, but also lack of motivation to find out their own knowledge. In addition, the study shows weaknesses regarding hemodialysis patient´s understanding of the importance of phosphate medication.

Conclusion: The study shows that approximately half of the hemodialysis patients are capable to properly administer the phosphate-binding drugs. However, there are still shortcomings in some patients regarding the knowledge of phosphate-binding drugs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Kidney, Dialysis, Phosphate, Phosphate-binding drugs
Keyword [sv]
Njure. Dialys, Fosfat, Fosfatbindande läkemedel
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-324291OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-324291DiVA: diva2:1110057
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved

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