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Delningsekonomi från vision till verklighet: Kan stadsutveckling möjliggöra för mer hållbara ekonomier?
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sharing economy from vision to reality : Can urban development enable more sustainable economies? (English)
Abstract [en]

Contrary to the individualised consumption culture that prevails in our part of the world, emerging alterna­tive economies are focusing on more responsible forms of consumption and resource utilisation. Concepts aimed at sharing have recently received great attention in media, also related to various urban development trends. The aim of this study is to explore how planning can enable more sustainable economies in society. By studying sharing economy in an urban development context, an increased understanding can be created for how different actors frame the concept and what planning for sharing economics means in practice. To investigate the conditions that contribute to the development of sharing economy in an urban development project, these conditions will be explored more closely. The case Täby park has been used as an illustrative example of how sharing economy is discussed in urban development as part of the sustainability work. The empirical material is based on interviews with actors who have represented different stages in a process between vision and reality. Most actors argue that sharing economy refers to activities that promote increased sharing, but there is no common view that sharing economy represents a paradigm shift. The conclusions of this study concern that aspirations for sharing activities that such a new urban area should attract primarily are framed by political ambitions and private interests. As place marketing has become central to urban developments, there is also a question about the substance of visions and hence the sharing economy. The study has helped to reinforce the arguments that allow sharing activities to take place in the discussion about sustainable urban development. Self-organised groups are attributed to a major responsibility, something that questions which actors should be included in the planning. Finally, the study has shown that current planning ideals have difficulties in responding to alternative ideas that do not fit in prevailing structures of society.

Abstract [sv]

I kontrast till den individualiserade konsumtionskultur som råder i vår del av världen ses alternativa ekonomier växa fram med fokus på mer ansvarstagande former av konsumtion och användning av resurser. Begrepp som syftar till delande har på senaste tid fått stor uppmärksamhet i media, och även sammankopplats med olika stadsutvecklingstrender. Genom att studera delningsekonomi utifrån en stadsutvecklingskontext kan en ökad förståelse skapas för hur olika aktörer framställer begreppet samt vad planering för delningsekonomi innebär i praktiken. För att undersöka vilka förutsättningar som bidrar till utvecklingen av delningsekonomi i ett stadsutvecklingsprojekt, kommer dessa förutsättningar att utforskas närmare. Fallet Täby park har använts som illustrativt exempel på hur delningsekonomi diskuteras inom stadsutveckling och görs till en del av hållbarhetsarbetet. Det empiriska materialet bygger på intervjuade aktörer som fått representera olika skeden i en process mellan vision och verklighet. Flertalet aktörer menar att delningsekonomi syftar till verksamheter som främjar ett ökat delande, men det finns ingen gemensam syn på att delningsekonomi innebär ett paradigmskifte. Studiens slutsatser berör att önskemål för verksamheter som en ny stadsdel ska attrahera främst styrs av politiska ambitioner och privata intressen. I takt med att platsmarknadsföring har blivit centralt inom stadsutveckling skapas dessutom ett ifrågasättande kring visioners och därmed delningsekonomins substans. Studien bidrar till att stärka argumenten om att låta delande-verksamheter få ta plats i diskussionen kring hållbar stadsutveckling. Självorganiserade grupper tillskrivs ett stort ansvar vilket ifrågasätter vilka aktörer som bör inkluderas i planeringen. Slutligen visar studien att dagens planeringsideal har svårt att bemöta alternativa idéer som inte passar inom samhällets rådande strukturer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 68
Keywords [sv]
delningsekonomi, stadsutveckling, planering, aktörer, visioner, platsmarknadsföring
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-209024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-209024DiVA, id: diva2:1109800
Subject / course
Urban and Regional Planning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Urban Management; Degree of Master - Sustainable Urban Planning and Design
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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