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Knäkomponenters inverkan på livskvalité: En studie på individer med transfemoral amputation
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Prosthetics and Orthotics.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The impact of knee components on quality of life : A study of individuals with a transfemoral amputation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet  med  studien var  att undersöka  om  det  finns  en skillnad  i  livskvalité mellan  individer  med  transfemoral  amputation  som använder  mikroprocesstyrd knäkomponent (MPK) respektive mekanisk knäkomponent (Mek.).

Design: Tvärsnittsstudie

Försökspersoner: 14 protesbrukare  med unilateral transfemoral amputation (10 män, 4 kvinnor; 4 Mek., 10 MPK), amputerade på grund av trauma, kongenital orsak, infektion eller tumör och som använt sig av samma typ av knäled i minst ett år.

Metod: För  att  studera  livskvalité  i  målpopulationen  genomfördes  en enkätundersökning bestående av RAND-36 samt kompletterande frågor. Deltagarna fördelades i två grupper med avseende på knäkomponent för att möjliggöra analys av resultaten.

Resultat: Ingen signifikant  skillnad  i livskvalité uppmättes mellan  grupperna. De största  skillnaderna observerades  dock  i  den fysiska-  (Mek.:  0 MPK:  50) och emotionella (Mek.: 41,75 MPK: 100) rollfunktionen.

Slutsats: Resultatet  i  studien  visade  ingen  signifikant  skillnad i  livskvalité mellan grupperna. Vidare  bör  mer  specifika  mätinstrument,  inriktade  mot  individer  med amputation, användas för att undersöka livskvalité i målpopulationen.

Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate if there is a difference in qualityof  life  (QoL)  between  individuals  with  a  transfemoral  amputation  usingmicroprocessor-controlled  knee  components  (MPK)  versus  mechanical  kneecomponents (Mech.).

Design: Cross-sectional study

Subjects: 14 prosthesis users with a unilateral transfemoral amputation  (10 men, 4women; 4 Mech., 10 MPK), amputated due to trauma, congenital reasons, infection ortumor and used the same prosthetic knee for at least one year.

Method: To study QoL in the  population concerned a questionnaire was carriedout, including the RAND-36 and supplementary questions. The  participants  were divided into two groups with regard to the knee component to enable the results to be analyzed.

Results: No significant difference in QoL were found between the groups. The largest differences were observed in physical (Mech.: 0 MPK: 50) and emotional (Mech.: 41.75MPK: 100) role function.

Conclusion: The result of the study showed no significant difference in QoL between the groups. Furthermore, specific measuring instruments targeting individuals with amputation should be used to investigate quality of life in the population concerned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 44 p.
Keyword [en]
leg prosthesis, mechanical knee component, microprocessor-controlled knee component, nonvascular, RAND-36
Keyword [sv]
benprotes, icke-vaskulär, mekanisk knäkomponent, mikroprocessorstyrd knäkomponent, RAND-36
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-36039ISRN: JU-HHJ-OTE-1-20170016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-36039DiVA: diva2:1109420
Subject / course
HHJ, Prosthetic and Orthotic
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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