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Nordostpassagen – ett lokalt hot eller en global möjlighet?: En värdering av miljöpåverkan vid ett ökat användande av Nordostpassagen
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I takt med att isens utbredning i Arktis minskar ökar potentialen för Nordostpassagen att bli ett alternativ till Suezkanalen. En inledande litteraturstudie identifierar möjliga effekter på miljön vid en kraftig ökning av kommersiell sjöfart längs Nordostpassagen. Resultatet av litteraturstudien diskuteras i intervjuer med tre personer verksamma inom biologi, filosofi och statsvetenskap för att undersöka hur globala förbättringar kan värderas mot lokala skadeverkningar. Litteraturstudien fann att de största miljöeffekterna i Arktis kommer från sjöfartens luftutsläpp, oljespill samt den stressande effekt fartyg har på djurlivet. Globalt sett kan ett ökat användande av Nordostpassagen ge en minskning av sjöfartens koldioxidutsläpp. De intervjuade har delade åsikter om huruvida koldioxidminskningen kan väga upp för de lokala effekterna i Arktis. Vidare önskade de intervjuade se tydlig reglering av eventuell sjöfart i området och att den vinst som genereras av rutten ska bidra till att minska de negativa miljöeffekterna.

Abstract [en]

As the ice coverage in the Arctic decreses the potential for the Northeast Passage as an alternative to the Suez Canal increases. An initial literature review identifies potential environmental effects of increased shipping along the Northeast Passage. The result of the review is discussed in three separate interviews with a philosopher, a biologist and a political scientists to study how global environmental improvements can be appraised when set against local damages. The literature review revealed air pollution, oil spillages and the stress vessels can cause wildlife to be the most important local factors. The study also found that an increased use of the Northeast Passage may lead to decreased levels of carbon dioxide emissions from shipping globally. The interviewees had different opinions on whether or not the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions outweighs the local environmental impact in the Arctic. Furthermore, the interviewees shared the opinion that shipping in the area needs to be regulated and that the profit made from using the passage should contribute to limiting the harmful environmental effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Northeast passage, Northern Sea Route, Arctic, shipping, Suez Canal, environmental impact
Keyword [sv]
Nordostpassagen, Arktis, miljö, sjöfart, Suezkanalen, miljökonsekvens
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-65114OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-65114DiVA: diva2:1107965
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Educational program
Nautical Science Programme (4years) with onboard practical training placement, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, AlexanderArvidsson, Teed
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CiteExportLink to record
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