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Arbetsterapeuters kliniska resonemang vid användande av hundassisterad intervention för äldre personer
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The clinical reasoning of occupational therapists when using dog-assisted therapy for older adults (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att beskriva arbetsterapeuters kliniska resonemang vid användande av hundassisterad intervention på korttidsboenden och särskilda boenden för äldre personer. Genom ett ändamålsenligt urval valdes fem arbetsterapeuter med tre till sex års erfarenhet av hundassisterad intervention ut som deltagare i studien. Deltagarna deltog i enskilda narrativa intervjuer. Den insamlade datan analyserades därefter genom en narrativ metod. Analysen av datan resulterade i tre teman som benämndes hundassisterad intervention är en mångfacetterad åtgärd, vårdhunden motiverar till delaktighet i aktivitet samt omgivande faktorer påverkar användningen av hundassisterad intervention. Hundassisterad intervention är utifrån arbetsterapeuters kliniska resonemang en mångfacetterad åtgärd som kan användas för att skapa motivation till delaktighet i aktiviteter som både rehabiliterar och ger äldre personer en känsla av meningsfullhet. Omgivande faktorer såsom resurser i form av tid och ekonomi samt den fysiska och sociala miljön kan både begränsa samt skapa möjligheter för användande av hundassisterad intervention. Utifrån studiens resultat skulle hundassisterad intervention som används i en främjande miljö kunna leda till en förbättrad livskvalité hos äldre personer som befinner sig på korttidsboenden och särskilda boenden. Det finns dock ett fortsatt behov av forskning för att stärka evidensen för användandet av hundassisterad intervention. Studiens resultat ger arbetsterapeuter ny kunskap om interventionens terapeutiska värde och hur hundassisterad intervention kan användas i den kliniska verksamheten samt vilka faktorer som påverkar dess användning.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists when using dog-assisted therapy in residental settings for older adults. Five occupational therapists with three to six years of experience in dog-assisted therapy were purposefully selected as participants in the study. Data was generated by individual narrative interviews and analysed using a narrative analysis. The analysis of the data resulted in three themes called dog-assisted therapy is a multifaceted intervention, the care dog motivates participation in activities and surrounding factors affect the use of dog-assisted therapy. Dog-assisted therapy, based on the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists, is a multifaceted intervention that can be used to create motivation for participation in activities that both rehabilitate and give older adults a sense of meaningfulness. Surrounding factors such as time and economy resources as well as the physical and social environment can both limit and create opportunities for using dogassisted therapy. Based on the results of this study, dog-assisted therapy used in a promotional environment could lead to an improved quality of life for older adults in residential settings. However, there is a continuing need for research to strengthen the evidence for the use of dogassisted therapy. The result of the study give occupational therapists new knowledge about the therapeutic value of the intervention and how dog-assisted therapy can be used in the clinical setting and what factors affects its use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Occupational therapy, clinical reasoning, animal-assisted therapy, dog-assisted therapy, older adults
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsterapi, kliniska resonemang, djurassisterad intervention, hundassisterad intervention, äldre personer
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63870OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63870DiVA: diva2:1107827
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Occupational Therapy, master’s level (60 credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-11 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1387 kBChecksum SHA-512
b91afed2da3aa6970a2360db05358ba8f12e701b3edd5b3c1b2f8e5105ddf5cb8885a21300d19643120e53ee46565952e2145aa1d0a06bef169d70b574bad595
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf