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Uppfostrans fördelning och praktik mellan föräldraskap och lärare: Föräldraskapets och lärarens fostransansvar tillskrivet av Barnavårdsnämnden i Sundsvall 1913-1924
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Distribution and practice of the upbringing of children between parenthood and teachers : Parental responsibility and teacher's foster responsibility as seen by the Barnavårdsnämnden in Sundsvall 1913-1924 (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to examine the schoolteachers and parents distribution of the responsibilities of the upbringing of children. To do so my aim is to examine what responsibilities was attributed to the schoolteachers as well as the parents and how the responsibilities could take shape. By utilizing protocols from the Childcare committee 1913-1924 (Barnavårdsnämnden) my aim is to link the questions to the material and examine how this manifested within the committee. I also examined if the committee applied a certain gender construction on the parenting.

I have applied a power perspective derived from Foucault aswell as the usage of Durkehims and Marx theories about the schools role in society and a gender perspective developed by Joan Scott and Yvonne Hirdman.

The results of the study shows that schoolteachers possessed a position of power where their responsibilities over the social upbringing of the pupils reached beyond the confinements of the schools. The schoolteacher was placed with disciplinary responsibilities and was expected to help raise pupils of high morality. Teachers held a high role of participation in the work of the committee and was expected to hold insights of their pupils home situations. The parents showed to be neglected far more in comparison with the teacher but parenthood was nonetheless expected to hold responsibilities. However, parents was not allowed to interfere with the responsibilities of the teacher whereas the teachers role was not constricted to the interior of the school. Regarding mother- and fatherhood the study shows that the mother was given a clear role of parenting while the fathers function was more of an authoritarian background figure. The father was expected to provide for the family and the mother to care for the upbringing.

The study proved that the committee was in a position of power where they could affect the tasks of parenthood. Meanwhile the committee granted schools and teachers positions of power where the teacher’s professional role extended beyond the schools. Within the sphere of parenthood a position of power was showing whereas the mother was attributed a larger responsibilities over the children’s upbringing but with the father acting as the authority of the family.          

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Parenthood, power, upbringing, family, motherhood, fatherhood, teacher, school.
Keyword [sv]
Barnavårdsnämnd, föräldraskap, faderskap, moderskap, skola, makt, lärare, uppfostran.
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-323897DiVA: diva2:1107768
Subject / course
History
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-10 Last updated: 2017-06-15Bibliographically approved

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