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SKAMlig ohälsa: En studie i hur psykisk ohälsa representeras i webbserien SKAM
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education, Media, audio technology and experience production and theater.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This essay examines how the Norwegian web series SKAM presents mental illness; how discourse structures concerning mental illnesses are consolidated and challenged. Our analysis examines seasons one, two and three. The essay is based on Stuart Hall's representation theory, Michel Foucault's theories about madness, and Norman Fairclough's discourse theory. The starting point of the methodology used in this study is a critical discourse analysis based on Norman Fairclough's three-dimensional model. The analysis primarily examines three levels: textual level, dialogues of the characters, and visual expression apparent in the scenography of the series. We analyze how the format is used, how the story is distributed through web and social media, and how this relates to a larger social context in addition to how the narrative of mental illness is inevitably part of cultural, institutional, and social order.

Our findings reveal that SKAM reinforces cultural beliefs about mental ill health by representing mental illnesses as taboo and stigmatized as well as as being a problem that is (primarily) at the individual level. Mental illness in the series is presented as a threat to community norms where mental ill health is presented at an individual level and not as a product of society's constructed desires or structural problems. The series presents very limited help for the mentally ill. The absence of acceptance of and cure for the mentally ill causes them to wind up outside society and they have greater difficulty contributing in manners similar to those of healthy, working people.

Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats undersöker hur webbserien SKAM representerar psykisk ohälsa; på vilket sätt diskursiva konstruktioner kring psykiska sjukdomar befästs och utmanas. För att analysera detta undersöks säsong ett, två och tre. Uppsatsen bygger på Stuart Halls representationsteori, Michel Foucaults teorier kring vansinnet och Norman Faircloughs diskursteori. Den metodologi som används för studien är en kritisk diskursanalys där Norman Faircloughs tredimensionella modell är utgångspunkt. Analysen sker främst på tre olika nivåer: textuell nivå; karaktärernas dialoger och seriens visuella uttryck. Hur formatet används; hur berättelsen distribueras genom webb och sociala medier. Samt hur detta sker i en större social kontext; hur berättelsen om psykisk ohälsa ofrånkomligen också är en del av en kulturell, institutionell och samhällelig ordning.

Vårt resultat visar att SKAM befäster kulturella föreställningar kring psykisk ohälsa genom att representera psykiska sjukdomar som tabubelagda och stigmatiserade samt som ett problem som (främst) ligger på individnivå. De psykiskt sjuka i serien framställs som hot mot samhällets normer där den psykiska ohälsan läggs på individnivå och inte som en produkt av samhällets konstruerade begär eller strukturella problem. Mycket begränsad hjälp till psykiskt sjuka presenteras i serien. Utlämnandet av acceptans och botemedel för de psykiskt sjuka medför att de hamnar utanför samhället och får svårare att bidra på samma sätt som en frisk, arbetande person kan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 50
Keywords [en]
SKAM Mental Illness Discourse Anorexia Eating Disorders Depression Bipolar Disorder NRK P3 Critical Discourse Analysis
Keywords [sv]
SKAM Psykisk ohälsa Diskurs Anorexia Ätstörning Depression Bipolär sjukdom NRK P3 Kritisk diskursanalys
Keywords [no]
SKAM Psykisk sykdom Discourse Anorexia Eating Disorder Depresjon Bipolar lidelse NRK P3 kritisk diskursanalyse
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63863OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63863DiVA, id: diva2:1107708
Educational program
Media and Communication Science, bachelor's level
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Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-10 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf