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Olika avledningsmetoders effekt på procedurrelaterad smärta hos barn: –En kvantitativ litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Barn som kommer till sjukvården kan komma i kontakt med procedurrelaterad smärta genom olika typer av provtagningar eller behandlingar. Barn har inte samma coping-förmåga som vuxna vilket kan påverka deras eventuella rädsla och smärtupplevelse inför smärtsamma procedurer. Avledning kan vara en effektiv metod att använda sig av för att minska barnets lidande. Avledning utgår ifrån antagandet att genom att flytta barnets fokus till något engagerande och attraktivt, hindras hens förmåga att ta in smärtsamma stimuli vilket minskar smärta.

Syfte Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka olika avdelningsmetoders effekt på procedurrelaterad smärta hos barn.

Metod En litteraturstudie där 12 originalartiklar kvalitetsgranskades och resultatet sammanställdes och analyserades.

Resultat Avledningsmetoderna skiljde sig markant mellan de olika studierna. Överlag visade resultatet på att avledning vid smärtsamma procedurer minskade smärtan. Två avledningsmetoder minskad inte smärtan.

Slutsats Avledning är ett effektivt sätt att minska procedurrelaterad smärta hos barn.  Avledning kan förbättra eventuella framtida erfarenheter med vården på grund av att negativa upplevelser minskas. Fler studier behövs för att se vilka avledningsmetoder som passar till vilka barn, eftersom alla barn är olika kan vissa avledningsmetoder vara mer effektiva hos vissa barn än andra.

Abstract [en]

Background Children who come in contact with healthcare can experience procedure related pain through different types of tests or treatments. Children do not have the same coping ability as adults, which can affect how much fear and pain they experience during painful procedures. Distraction may be an effective method to lessen a child's suffering. The idea behind distraction is that by moving a child's focus to something interesting and pleasant the ability to take in painful stimuli is hampered, thus pain is reduced.

Aim The purpose of this literature study was to investigate the effect distraction has on procedure related pain in children.

Method A literature study based on 12 original articles. The quality of the articles was examined and results were compiled and analyzed.

Results Distraction methods differed significantly between the different articles. Overall, the results showed that the use of distraction during painful procedures reduced pain. Two distraction methods did not decrease pain.

Conclusion Distraction is an effective way of reducing procedure related pain in children. Distraction can improve potential future experiences with health care because negative experiences are reduced. Further research is needed to see what distraction methods are suitable to each child, because all children are different certain distraction methods can be more effective in some children than in others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 48 p.
Keyword [en]
Child, pain, distraction, pediatrics.
Keyword [sv]
Barn, smärta, avledning, pediatrik.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323825OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-323825DiVA: diva2:1107592
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-09 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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