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Patterns of genetic, phenotypic, and acoustic variation across a chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita abietinus/tristis) hybrid zone
Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Dept Vertebrate Zool, Moscow, Russia..
Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA..
Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Dept Vertebrate Zool, Moscow, Russia..
Lomonosov Moscow State Univ, Dept Vertebrate Zool, Moscow, Russia..
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2017 (English)In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 7, no 7, 2169-2180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Characterizing patterns of evolution of genetic and phenotypic divergence between incipient species is essential to understand how evolution of reproductive isolation proceeds. Hybrid zones are excellent for studying such processes, as they provide opportunities to assess trait variation in individuals with mixed genetic background and to quantify gene flow across different genomic regions. Here, we combine plumage, song, mtDNA and whole-genome sequence data and analyze variation across a sympatric zone between the European and the Siberian chiffchaff (Phylloscopus collybita abietinus/tristis) to study how gene exchange between the lineages affects trait variation. Our results show that chiffchaff within the sympatric region show more extensive trait variation than allopatric birds, with a large proportion of individuals exhibiting intermediate phenotypic characters. The genomic differentiation between the subspecies is lower in sympatry than in allopatry and sympatric birds have a mix of genetic ancestry indicating extensive ongoing and past gene flow. Patterns of phenotypic and genetic variation also vary between regions within the hybrid zone, potentially reflecting differences in population densities, age of secondary contact, or differences in mate recognition or mate preference. The genomic data support the presence of two distinct genetic clades corresponding to allopatric abietinus and tristis and that genetic admixture is the force underlying trait variation in the sympatric region-the previously described subspecies ("fulvescens") from the region is therefore not likely a distinct taxon. In addition, we conclude that subspecies identification based on appearance is uncertain as an individual with an apparently distinct phenotype can have a considerable proportion of the genome composed of mixed alleles, or even a major part of the genome introgressed from the other subspecies. Our results provide insights into the dynamics of admixture across subspecies boundaries and have implications for understanding speciation processes and for the identification of specific chiffchaff individuals based on phenotypic characters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, no 7, 2169-2180 p.
Keyword [en]
Chiffchaff, genetic differentiation, hybrid zone, hybridization, introgression, speciation
National Category
Ecology Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-322836DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2782ISI: 000399738700015PubMedID: 28405281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-322836DiVA: diva2:1106978
Funder
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, FOA13H-088Swedish Research Council, 2013-4508Helge Ax:son Johnsons stiftelse Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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