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The War on Drugs: En analys av The New York Times nyhetsrapportering
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature, Rhetoric.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

On the 14th of July 1969 president Richard Nixon informed the United States Congress, how drugs had become a serious threat to the nation’s wellbeing. He called for a new drug policy that would be applied to both state and federal levels. This would be the start of a political campaign that has resulted in new legislation, mass incarceration and in recent year an overwhelming criticism. This essay intends to review the newspaper New York Times reporting of this political campaign. The purpose is to study the role of language in the political discourse, this through a rhetorical analysis. The thesis intends to identify the discursive process framed by the selected news articles at hand. How the magazine’s approach has changed in 20 years will not only be examined by its explicit reporting, but also through the shaping and reflecting function of language. In my analysis, I identify key themes in the general metaphorics and a reproduction of a certain role distribution that leaves the reader with a certain understanding of its contemporary time. I have also come to the conclusion that the idea of American identity is central to the war on drugs as a linguistic domain. 

Abstract [sv]

I ett meddelande till den amerikanska kongressen den 14 juli 1969, informerade den dåvarande presidenten Richard Nixon om hur drogerna utgjorde ett allvarligt hot mot landets välmående. Han efterlyste en ny drogpolitik som skulle gälla på både delstatlig och federal nivå. Detta blev starten på en politisk kampanj som resulterade i ny lagstiftning, massfängslande och på senare år en överväldigande kritik. Jag har i denna uppsats för avsikt att granska tidningen The New York Times rapportering av denna politiska kampanj. Syftet är att studera språkets roll i den politiska diskursen genom en retorisk analys. Jag har för avsikt att kartlägga de diskursiva processer som de valda nyhetsartiklarna ramar in. Hur tidningens förhållningssätt från har förändrats under drygt 20 år kommer inte bara granskas genom den explicita rapporteringen, utan också genom språkets formande och speglande roll. I min analys identifierar jag nyckelteman i den övergripande metaforiken och hur en reproduktion av en viss rollfördelning lämnar läsaren med viss förståelse av sin samtid. Jag har även nått slutsatsen att idén om den amerikanska identiteten är central för kriget mot droger som språklig domän. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 107 p.
Keyword [sv]
Retorik, Diskursanalys, Metafor, Terministic screens, Topiker, War on Drugs
National Category
General Literature Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-323438DiVA: diva2:1106318
Subject / course
Rhetoric
Educational program
Master Programme in the Humanities - Rhetoric
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-07 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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Output format
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