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Upplevelse av hopp hos personer som vårdas palliativt: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

  

Bakgrund: Diagnosen av en obotlig sjukdom kan förr eller senare leda till att personen blir i behov av palliativ vård. I denna situation är hopp oftast en viktig del i att fortsätta leva och uppleva välbefinnande samt en god livskvalitet.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturöversikt var att beskriva upplevelse av hopp hos personer som vårdas palliativt.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt genomfördes där 11 artiklar med kvalitativ design inkluderades och analyserades deduktivt med hjälp av Herth Hope Index. Artikelsökningen gjordes i databaserna CINAHL och PsycINFO.

Resultat: Trots en dålig prognos och medvetandet om att döden närmar sig fortsatte deltagarna i studierna att hoppas och sätta upp framtida mål. Hoppet påverkades både positivt och negativt beroende på det förflutna, nuet och framtiden.

Det som främjade hoppet mest visade sig vara familj och närstående.  Vissa deltagare tyckte att det inte fanns något att hoppas på då framtiden såg mörk ut. Tron på Gud/och eller Jesus samt högre makter hjälpte deltagarna att upprätthålla samt öka hopp.

Slutsatser: Resultatet som framkom kan ge en vägledning för hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal om hur personer som vårdas palliativt upplever hopp och på vilket sätt det kan främjas, utökas och vad det är som gör att hopp upprätthålls.

Nyckelord: erfarenheter, förhoppningar, livets slutskede, obotliga sjukdomar

Abstract [en]

Experiences of hope among people receiving palliative care

- A literature review

Summary  

Background: The diagnosis of an incurable disease may sooner or later lead to the need for palliative care. In this situation, hope is usually one of an important part in continuing to live and experience well-being as well as a good quality of life.

Purpose: The aim of this literature review was to describe the experience of hope among people receiving palliative care.

Method: A literature review was performed where 11 articles with a qualitative design were included and with the help of Herth Hope Index analyzed deductively. The article search was made in the CINAHL and PsycINFO databases.

Result: Despite a bad forecast and the awareness that death is approaching, the participants in the studies continued to hope and set future goals. Hope was affected both positively and negatively, depending on the past, the present and the future.

What promoted hope most proved to be family and related. Some participants thought there was nothing to hope for when the future looked dark. Faith on God / and or Jesus as well as higher powers helped participants to maintain and increase hope.Conclusion: The result that emerges can provide guidance for health professionals about how palliative patients experience hope and how it can be promoted, expanded and what makes hope maintained.

 

Keywords:  expectation, experience, incurable diseases, terminal care

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
expectation, experience, incurable diseases, terminal care
Keyword [sv]
erfarenheter, förhoppningar, livets slutskede, obotliga sjukdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35805ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20170200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-35805DiVA: diva2:1105680
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-05 Last updated: 2017-06-08Bibliographically approved

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