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Frustrationer och möjligheter -sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av omvårdnad av patienter med cannabismissbruk inom psykiatrisk vård
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Frustrations and opportunities - Nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with cannabis abuse in psychiatric care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cannabis är den vanligaste drogen i världen. Cannabismissbruket har successivt ökat de senaste åren. De vanligaste negativa effekterna av cannabis är ångest, panikreaktioner och psykotiska symtom. Många patienter med cannabismissbruk har även psykiska diagnoser. Sjuksköterskor upplever frustrationer när patienter med cannabismissbruk inte vill ta del av behandling och anser att patienter med dubbeldiagnoser är svårbehandlade. 

 

Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av omvårdnad av patienter med cannabismissbruk inom psykiatrisk vård.

 

Design: Studien har en kvalitativ, induktiv analysmetod.

 

Metod: Intervjuer med 18 sjuksköterskor inom öppen och sluten psykiatrisk vård.

 

Resultat: Sjuksköterskorna uttryckte frustrationer över patientens liberala inställning till cannabis, att patienten såg drogen som ofarlig och inte kopplade missbruket till sina psykiska problem. De möjligheter sjuksköterskorna såg i omvårdnaden var att utgå från där patienten befinner sig, att inte komma med pekpinnar och använda sina erfarenheter av patientgruppen för att motivera patienten till att sluta med missbruket. 

 

Konklusion: Sjuksköterskorna uttryckte att de saknade och var i behov av utbildning om patienter med cannabismissbruk för att kunna ge god omvårdnad till patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used drug in the world. Cannabis abuse has gradually increased in recent years. The most common adverse effects of cannabis use include anxiety, panic reaction and psychotic symptoms. Many patients who abuse cannabis has also psychiatric diagnoses. Nurses experience frustration when patients who abuse cannabis do not want to take part in treatment and considering patients with dual diagnoses are difficult to treat.

 

Aim: To describe nurses’ experience of psychiatric care of patients who abuse cannabis.

 

Design: This study has an inductive, qualitative approach.

 

Method: Interviews with 18 nurses in outpatient and inpatient psychiatric care.

 

Results: The nurses expressed frustrations with the liberal approach the patient had to cannabis, the patient´s approach to the drug as harmless and that the patient did not link abuse to psychological problems. The nurses expressed that they saw opportunities in nursing; to start from the patient´s point of view, not lecturing the patient and to use their experience of this group of patients to motivate the patient to quit his or her abuse.

 

Conclusion: The nurses expressed lack of and need for adequate training in the care of the patient with cannabis abuse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Cannabis abuse, nurses’ experience, psychiatric nursing, qualitative research
Keywords [sv]
cannabismissbruk, kvalitativ metod, psykiatrisk omvårdnad, sjuksköterskors erfarenheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138002DiVA, id: diva2:1105320
Subject / course
Specialist Nursing Programme in Mental Health Care
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-30 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-30Bibliographically approved

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