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Patienters upplevelser av att vårdas inom somatisk sjukvård i samband med psykisk ohälsa: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient's experiences of being cared for within somatic care in conjunction with mental illness : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa betraktas idag som ett folkhälsoproblem. Patienter med psykisk ohälsa lider ofta av samsjuklighet och vårdas därför ofta inom somatisk vård. Vårdvetenskapen förespråkar ett helhetsperspektiv på människan där kropp och själ samverkar och den ena delen aldrig kan uteslutas. Vid psykisk ohälsa kan lyhördhet i vårdrelationen vara avgörande. Sjukvårdspersonal upplever dock att de saknar kunskap i att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa.

Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser av att vårdas inom somatisk sjukvård i samband med psykisk ohälsa.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt genomfördes med tio vetenskapliga artiklar, åtta med kvalitativ design och två med kvantitativ design. Artiklarna analyserades enligt Fribergs (2012) metod för litteraturöversikt.

Resultat: Sex huvudteman identifierades: upplevelser av att möta sjukvårdspersonal, att känna sig förstådd, att vårdgivaren följer upp, att få vara delaktig, hinder för vård och trygghet.

Diskussion: Utifrån Erikssons teori om vårdrelation och lidandet diskuteras resultatet. Kunskapsbrist kring psykisk ohälsa skapar osäkerhet hos sjukvårdspersonalen och lidande för patienten. Betydelsen av att se hela människan diskuteras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is nowadays considered a public health problem. Patients with mental illness often suffer co-morbidity and are therefore often cared for within somatic care. According to caring science the holistic perspective of the human with both body and soul is advocated where one part can never be excluded. Sensitivity in the caring relationship can be crucial for a patient suffering from mental illness. However, health personnel themselves experience a lack of knowledge caring for patients with mental illness.

Aim: The aim of the literature review was to illustrate patients´ experiences of being cared for within somatic care in conjunction with mental illness.

Method: Literature review including ten scientific articles was implemented, eight with a qualitative design and two with a quantitative design. The articles were analyzed according to Friberg’s (2012) method for literature review.

Results: Six main themes were identified: experiences of meeting health personnel, experiences of being understood, follow-up by the caregiver, experiences of being involved, experiences of barriers for care and security.

Discussion: The result is discussed according to Eriksson's theory of the caring relationship and suffering. Lack of knowledge within mental illness creates insecurity among health personnel and also creates suffering for the patient. The importance of seeing to the human as a whole is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Mental illness, Somatic care, Patient experience, Caring relationship
Keyword [sv]
Psykisk ohälsa, Somatisk vård, Patientupplevelse, Vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5956OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5956DiVA: diva2:1105098
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

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