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Hur sjuksköterskan kan förstå omvårdnadsbehovet hos personer med autismspektrumtillstånd: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How the nurse can understand people with autism spectrum disorders and their need of nursing : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Personer med autismspektrumtillstånd (AST) är en växande grupp i samhället. Inuläget beräknas 1 % av befolkningen i västerländska länder ha ettautismspektrumtillstånd. Patienterna har speciella omvårdnadsbehov relaterat tillautismspektrumet och då antalet ökar kommer fler personer att söka sig till hälso- ochsjukvården. Sjuksköterskan bär omvårdnadsansvaret, där av behövs kunskap ochmedvetenhet om autismspektrumtillståndet för att kunna möta derasomvårdnadsbehov. Syftet med studien var att undersöka omvårdnadsbehovet hospersoner med autismspektrumtillstånd. För att besvara syftet genomfördes enlitteraturstudie. Vid en induktiv ansats med en hermeneutisk analysmetod användes ilitteraturstudien. I databearbetningen framkom fem teman Behov av kommunikation,Behov av kontinuitet, Vårdmiljöns påverkan, Anhörigas roll och Behov av kunskaperhos sjuksköterskan I resultatet framkom att faktorer som kommunikationssvårighetermed och okunskap hos vårdpersonal påverkade tillgång till god vård och omvårdnadför personer med AST. Den aktuella forskningen är otillräcklig. Därför behövs merforskning, kunskap och utbildning för att sjuksköterskan ska kunna mötaomvårdnadsbehovet hos personer med AST.

Abstract [en]

People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a growing group in society.Currently estimated there is about 1% of the population in the western countries thathas autism spectrum disorder. These patients have special care needs in relation to theautism spectrum and as the number increases, more people will seek health care in thefuture. The nurse carries nursing responsibility, thereby the required knowledge andawareness of autism spectrum condition is essential for the nurse to meet the careneeds of a patient with ASD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the careneeds of people with autism spectrum disorders by conducting a literature study. Aninductive approach with a Hermeneutics as the methodology of interpretation is usedin the literature study. Five themes were revealed in the data processing; The need ofcommunication, The need for continuity, The impact of health facility environment,Relatives role, and The need for knowledge of the Nurse. The result highlights factorssuch as difficulties in communication and ignorance of health professionals, whichaffects the person's access to good health care and nursing of people with ASD. Thecurrent research is inadequate. Therefore the need for further research, knowledge andeducation for the nurse is essential to meet people with ASD and their need ofnursing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
autism spectrum disorders, nurse, nursing
Keyword [sv]
autismspektrumtillstånd, omvårdnad, sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33878DiVA: diva2:1097793
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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