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Spectra, current flow, and wave-function morphology in a model PT-symmetric quantum dot with external interactions
Lund University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2017 (English)In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A, ISSN 2469-9926, Vol. 95, no 4, 042115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper we use numerical simulations to study a two-dimensional (2D) quantum dot (cavity) with two leads for passing currents (electrons, photons, etc.) through the system. By introducing an imaginary potential in each lead the system is made symmetric under parity-time inversion (PT symmetric). This system is experimentally realizable in the form of, e.g., quantum dots in low-dimensional semiconductors, optical and electromagnetic cavities, and other classical wave analogs. The computational model introduced here for studying spectra, exceptional points (EPs), wave-function symmetries and morphology, and current flow includes thousands of interacting states. This supplements previous analytic studies of few interacting states by providing more detail and higher resolution. The Hamiltonian describing the system is non-Hermitian; thus, the eigenvalues are, in general, complex. The structure of the wave functions and probability current densities are studied in detail at and in between EPs. The statistics for EPs is evaluated, and reasons for a gradual dynamical crossover are identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2017. Vol. 95, no 4, 042115
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137612DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.95.042115ISI: 000399932100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137612DiVA: diva2:1097353
Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2017-06-15

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Berggren, Karl-Fredrik
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