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La jerarquía colonial en dos novelas peruanas - Análisis de los personajes en Matalaché de Enrique López Albújar y de Malambo de Lucía Charún-Illescas desde una perspectiva poscolonial
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
2017 (Spanish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 330 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The colonial hierarchy in two Peruvian novels-A postcolonial analysis of Matalaché by Enrique López Albújar and of Malamboby Lucía Charún-Illescas (English)
Abstract [es]

En el presente estudio aplicamos la perspectiva poscolonial a dos novelas peruanas de temática afroperuana: Matalaché (1928) de Enrique López Albújar y Malambo (2001) de Lucía Charún-Illescas con el fin de aportar conocimientos sobre ellas. Dentro del marco de nuestro análisis queremos identificar cómo las caracterizaciones de los personajes, y la influencia de algunos factores determinantes relacionados a ellos, se diferencian según el grupo al que pertenecen dentro de la jerarquía colonial. Partimos de la premisa de que la literatura poscolonial tiene diferentes etapas de distanciamiento de la colonialidad y que las novelas escogidas pertenecen a dos etapas distintas. Consecuentemente, el análisis busca revelar las diversas formas en las que las caracterizaciones de los personajes, la influencia de los factores determinantes y la imagen de la jerarquía colonial, se distinguen entre las dos obras. El análisis señala que los personajes pueden ser caracterizados a base del tipo de personaje retratado, del nombre del personaje, del uso de títulos y el trato personal, del lenguaje, y a través de la influencia de los factores determinantes religión, raza, clase, economía y trabajo, y género. A base de los resultados encontrados en el análisis concluimos que las caracterizaciones y la influencia de los factores determinantes en las imágenes de los personajes en las novelas manifiestan una valoración que define a qué grupo social pertenecen estos personajes. Además, identificamos una valoración de los grupos de personajes que influye en el posicionamiento de los mismos en la jerarquía colonial. Finalmente concluimos que las caracterizaciones en Matalaché (1928) se acercan más a la estructura colonial que las caracterizaciones en Malambo (2001), lo que, por consiguiente, indica que ambas novelas sí pertenecen a diferentes etapas de distanciamiento de la colonialidad dentro de la literatura poscolonial peruana de temática afroperuana.

Abstract [en]

In this investigation, we apply a postcolonial perspective on two novels with afro-peruvian thematics: Matalaché (1928) by Enrique López Albújar and Malambo (2001) by Lucía Charún-Illescas, aiming to contribute to an increased understanding of these novels. Within the framework of our analysis we try to identify how the characterizations of the characters, and the influence of some determining factors relating to these, vary depending on the group they belong to within the colonial hierarchy. As a starting point, we assume that the postcolonial literature has different stages in which it distances itself from its colonial past, and that the chosen novels belong to two different stages. The analysis tries to reveal the different forms in which the characterizations of the characters, the influence of the determining factors and the image of the colonial hierarchy differs between the two novels. The analysis shows that characters can be characterized through the way they are depicted, the name of the characters, the use of titles and the way they are addressed, and through their language, also through the influence of the determining factors religion, race, class, economy and labor, and gender. Considering the results encountered in the analysis we conclude that the characterizations and the influence of the determining factors in the images of the characters in the texts shows a valuation that defines in which social group these characters belong. We also identify a valuation of the character groups that influences the positioning of said groups in the colonial hierarchy. Finally, we conclude that the characterizations in Matalaché (1928) more closely resembles those of the colonial structure than the characterizations in Malambo (2001). This indicates that the novels do belong to different stages of distance to colonialism within the peruvian postcolonial literature with afro-peruvian thematics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 100 p.
Keyword [en]
Colonial hierarchy, afroperuvian thematics, postcolonial literature
Keyword [es]
Jerarquía colonial, temática afroperuana, literatura poscolonial
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143199OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143199DiVA: diva2:1096478
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Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2017-05-19Bibliographically approved

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