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Architecting model driven system integration in production engineering
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Production Engineering, Computer Systems for Design and Manufacturing.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

System integration is a key enabler to maximize information value in an engineering context. The valuable information is normally represented by information models which play a decisive role in the implementation of system integration. The information models are designed to efficiently and effectively capture, process and communicate information among different functional and business units. However, use of the information models in implementing system integration is challenged by insufficient support from current settings of modeling architectures. This situation calls for new strategies to ease the use of information models.

To address this challenge, this study presents a new twofold solution: Model driven system integration. It includes 1) a modeling architecture to guide the development of information models and 2) an integrated implementation process to guide the use of information models. Thus, this work improves practical applicability of an information model in its entire modeling lifecycle.

The results contribute not only to the performance of modeling practices but also to improved understanding of information modeling in system integration. Implementation contexts and implementation models are introduced to develop an implementation-oriented modeling architecture. Further, the potential of information models as a knowledge base to sup-port implementation practices is identified.

To concretely discuss behaviors and structures of information models, this study adopts ISO 10303 and the related standards as major references of existing information models.

Case studies on model driven system integration validate this research in scenarios concerning kinematic modeling, kinematic error modeling, cutting tools classification and product catalogue modeling. Model driven system integration exhibits high efficiency in implementation, enhanced interoperability and increased value of information models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. , 212 p.
Series
TRITA-IIP, ISSN 1650-1888 ; 17-07
Keyword [en]
System architecture, system integration, information model, ISO 10303, application context, implementation context, implementation model.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207156ISBN: 978-91-7729-416-0 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-207156DiVA: diva2:1096450
Public defence
2017-06-15, M311, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
MPQP - Model driven process and quality planningFBOP - Feature Based Process PlanningDFBB - Digital factory building blocks
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20170519

Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2017-05-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Kinematic error modelling based on STEP AP242
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kinematic error modelling based on STEP AP242
2012 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Kinematic error is one of the major sources affecting geometric accuracy of machine tools motion. Component error and location error are common concepts to characterise kinematic error for both linear and rotation axes. With the second edition of STEP p105 currently under development, kinematic error can be associated directly to corresponding kinematic pairs. Based on the conceptual ontology model, a practical approach is introduced for standardized kinematic error modelling and implementation. Through integration with geometry, assembly, kinematics and classification, a developed application demonstrates and evaluates data representation and exchange for kinematic error. As STEP AP242 is a generic model for any product or manufacturing resource, additional modeling constraints are applied to achieve unambiguous data representation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
École Polytechnique, Montréal, Canada: , 2012
Keyword
kinematic error, modelling, data exchange, standardisation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-98351 (URN)
Conference
VMPT 2012 - 1st International Conference on Virtual Machining Process Technology
Projects
Feature Based Operation Planning, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20130111

Available from: 2012-06-25 Created: 2012-06-25 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
2. Representation and exchange of digital catalogues of cutting tools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Representation and exchange of digital catalogues of cutting tools
Show others...
2014 (English)In: ASME 2014 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2014 Collocated with the JSME 2014 International Conference on Materials and Processing and the 42nd North American Manufacturing Research Conference, 2014, V001T04A027- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Information management for manufacturing resources such as cutting tools is an important research topic in the context of cloud manufacturing. Vendors and customers usually use catalogues to communicate information for such manufacturing resource. Incompatibilities of information in syntax, semantics, and structure among supply chains often result in inefficient manual sharing and management of the catalogue information. It is difficult for cloud based applications to pool information from various sources. This communication failure calls for a system neutral solution for data modeling and exchange to enhance interoperability of the cutting tool catalogue information. Previous studies has present solutions for representation of the cutting tool information with STEP AP242 (ISO/DIS 10303-242) with semantic classification referring to a PLib (ISO 13584, Part Library) based dictionary. This approach can be extended for the catalogue modeling, due to functionalities for specification and configuration control of general product variants in the same standard. With a modeling approach with standardized information schemas, system architecture to guide implementation is proposed to enhance the communication in practice. Relative elements to represent vendors' catalogues and customers' requirements are modeled. Associations to the PLib-based dictionary complete semantics and enable information mapping between vendors and customers. Principles of the mapping are identified to facilitate implementation of related software systems. Prototypes are developed to verify the proposed system architecture. The proposed solution is promising to migrate to other types of products than cutting tools, because the data models are based on the general product models defined in AP242.

Keyword
Digital catalogue, Information modeling, ISO 10303 STEP, ISO 13399, ISO 13584 PLib, ISO 10303
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167043 (URN)10.1115/MSEC2014-4131 (DOI)000361249700066 ()2-s2.0-84908884063 (Scopus ID)9780791845806 (ISBN)
Conference
ASME 2014 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2014 Collocated with the JSME 2014 International Conference on Materials and Processing and the 42nd North American Manufacturing Research Conference, 9 June 2014 through 13 June 2014
Note

QC 20150521

Available from: 2015-05-21 Created: 2015-05-21 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
3. Cutting Tool Data Representation and Implementation Based on STEP AP242
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cutting Tool Data Representation and Implementation Based on STEP AP242
2013 (English)In: Smart Product Engineering: Proceedings of the 23rd CIRP Design Conference, Bochum, Germany, March 11th - 13th, 2013 / [ed] Michael Abramovici and Rainer Stark, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, 483-492 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For cutting tool data exchange in manufacturing CAx (Computer-Aided technologies), standardized representation and classification of items and properties is important. ISO 13399 (Cutting tool data representation and exchange) provides a solution to represent cutting tool data classified with an ISO 13584 (Parts Library, PLib) based dictionary. However, ISO 13399 does not support classification of shape geometry directly, which limits its use. Another limitation is representing GD&T (Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing) as simplified general properties, which does not fulfill high semantic precision and validation rules. This research provides a unified solution to represent cutting tool parameters integrated with geometry and dedicated properties based on STEP AP242 (ISO 10303-242 Managed model-based 3D engineering). Standardized libraries such as the ISO 13399 dictionary can be reused with the modeling approach for AP242 cutting tool representation. Software is developed to validate and demonstrate how this solution facilitates the data integration process to support CAx applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013
Series
Lecture Notes in Production Engineering, ISSN 2194-0525
Keyword
Modeling, STEP AP242, Cutting tool, Classification
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-119693 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-30817-8_47 (DOI)978-3-642-30816-1 (ISBN)978-3-642-30817-8 (ISBN)
Conference
23rd CIRP Design Conference 2013; Bochum, Germany, March 11th - 13th 2013
Projects
Feature Based Operation Planning, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)XPRES (Initiative for excellence in production research)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20130830

Available from: 2013-03-20 Created: 2013-03-20 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
4. User friendly development architecture for standardised modelling: STEP Toolbox
Open this publication in new window or tab >>User friendly development architecture for standardised modelling: STEP Toolbox
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, ISSN 1750-0591, Vol. 9, no 4, 429-447 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Standardised information modelling is currently an important solution of enhancing the interoperability of computer-aided technology (CAx) systems in the manufacturing industry. The success of this solution is critically dependent on the complexity of data structure and implementation methodology. This study presents development architecture, STEP toolbox, which enables users to implement information standards via a simplified process with minimised knowledge requirements. This study starts with an analysis of relevant user groups for different types of tasks and knowledge requirements. Then STEP toolbox is presented as the simplified development architecture that consists of conceptual modelling and an object-oriented application programming interface (API). It is more convenient for typical developers than the conventional implementation methodology. Based on results from test cases for implementing three prototypes, a two-month learning process required for average developers of the information standards is expected to be eliminated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Inderscience Enterprises Ltd., 2014
Keyword
User friendly; STEP; standard for the exchange of product data; development architecture; implementations; standardised modelling; interoperability; ontology; UML; Java
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
SRA - Production
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-132243 (URN)10.1504/IJMR.2014.066663 (DOI)2-s2.0-84920490254 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Feature Based Operation Planning, Vinnova FFI Program (Strategic Vehicle Research and Innovation Initiative)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

Updated from "Submitted" to "Published". QC 20150313

Available from: 2013-10-24 Created: 2013-10-24 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
5. System integration for kinematic data exchange
Open this publication in new window or tab >>System integration for kinematic data exchange
2014 (English)In: International journal of computer integrated manufacturing (Print), ISSN 0951-192X, E-ISSN 1362-3052Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industry needs a system neutral solution for exchange of kinematic models. In this article, the first known valid implementation of kinematic mechanisms based on ISO 10303 Standard for the Exchange of Product (STEP) is presented. The result includes an implementation framework and two developed prototypes. Two major challenges of standard-based development are identified and generalised: data integration and system integration, which are solved by the framework. The two prototypes are implemented to establish kinematic data exchange between Siemens NX® and STEP-NC MachineTM via STEP AP214 files. Experiences of design and development of the applications are presented, and a validated case study of data exchange using the developed applications is shown. There are other attempts of using STEP as basis for modelling, but as the first valid STEP implementation on kinematics, this approach demonstrates the feasibility of pure STEP-based data exchange for kinematic mechanisms. The prototypes also show potential of utilising the framework for general standard implementations. The research is expected to motivate deeper understanding and extensive applications of the STEP standard in industry and academia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014
Keyword
kinematics, CADCAM, STEP, implementation
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148163 (URN)10.1080/0951192X.2014.941937 (DOI)000343995000007 ()2-s2.0-84911448250 (Scopus ID)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20140924

Available from: 2014-08-01 Created: 2014-08-01 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
6. Usability Evaluation of CADCAM: State of the Art
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Usability Evaluation of CADCAM: State of the Art
2015 (English)In: Procedia CIRP / [ed] Moshe Shpitalni, Anath Fischer and Gila Molcho, Elsevier, 2015, Vol. 36, 205-210 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today, for development of product and production, computer-aided design and manufacturing (CADCAM) maintain a significant role in interaction activities between human and computers. The major objective of computer-aided technology is to simplify engineer's work in collecting, using, and sharing information so that human can maximize the usage of their unique abilities, e.g. creativity and innovation. User experiences (UX) will substantially determine outcomes of such intellectual engineering activities during human computer interaction (HCI) with the CADCAM systems. Usability is a key feature of software ergonomic, and has been standardized as an important property of software quality. Concerns for usability of all kinds of ordinary software interface have been expressed by a lot of studies. Evaluation is always a central activity when practicing usability in an iterative product development process. It can be expected that employment of usability evaluation for CADCAM will be highly valued towards a better level of Human Computer Interaction (HCI). Nevertheless, researches involving usability in this particular domain are very rare. This paper reviews a limited number of publications with such concerns and investigates the current context of use of CADCAM software. Then existing evaluation techniques are introduced and discussed for their feasibility in manufacturing industry based on previous studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015
Keyword
CADCAM, HCI, Usability, Usability evaluation, UI
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Production Engineering; Human-computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-183367 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2015.01.053 (DOI)000379870600036 ()2-s2.0-84948453845 (Scopus ID)
Conference
CIRP 25th Design Conference Innovative Product Creation
Projects
MPQP (Model-driven Process and Quality Planning)
Funder
XPRES - Initiative for excellence in production research
Note

QC 20160314

Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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