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Personers egna upplevelser om livet efter en stroke: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stroke är en folksjukdom som drabbar cirka 20 000-25 000 personer i Sverige varje år och leder till syrebrist i hjärnan. De symtom som uppkommer vid en stroke varierar beroende på vilken del av hjärnan som skadas Tiden från första symtom tills att behandling sätts in har en stor inverkan på hur allvarliga skador det blir. De vanligaste symtomen är domning eller förlamning och en lång rehabilitering väntar oftast.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva personers upplevelser efter att ha drabbats av en stroke samt att beskriva undersökningsgrupperna i de valda artiklarna.

Metod: En beskrivande litteraturstudie som baseras på tolv kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar. Databaserna Cinahl och Medline via PubMed användes för att söka artiklarna, via högskolan i Gävle.

Huvudresultat: I resultatet presenteras personers upplevelser efter en stroke utifrån deras fysiska och psykiska hälsa, samt det sociala livet. Funktionsnedsättningar var den vanligaste fysiska förändringen i livet som fick dessa personer att uppleva en psykisk påfrestning, bland annat depression, rädsla och förändrad självbild. Det sociala nätverket påverkas genom isolering på grund av den fysiska funktionsnedsättningen och den psykiska påfrestningen. Totala antalet deltagare i studien var 184 personer vars erfarenheter och upplevelser studerades, 53,3% var män och 46,7% var kvinnor.

Slutsats: Alla personer som drabbats av en stroke upplevde någon form av förändring i det dagliga livet. Därför krävs det att vårdpersonalen har kunskap om hur olika individer hanterar denna livsförändring. Det kunde vara allt från fysiska, psykiska och sociala förändringar. Stödhjälp ansågs varit en viktig del under rehabiliteringsprocessen för dessa personer.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stroke is a widespread disease in Sweden and it affects approximately 20 000-25 000 persons every year and it leads to oxygen deprivation in the brain. The symptoms that are caused by a stroke very depending on which part of the brain that is damaged. The time between the first symptoms of a Stroke and the first treatment of the disease is another major reason of how serious the damage becomes. The most common symptoms are numbness or paralysis and a long time of rehabilitation waits for the person that suffers from a stroke.

Aim: To describe people´s experience after having suffered a stroke and to describe the included articles study-group..

Method: A descriptive literature study based on twelve qualitative scientific articles. The databases Cihnal and PubMed was used to search the articles, through the University of Gävle.

Results: People's experiences after a stroke based on their physical and mental health, their social life are being presented in the results. Movement disabilities was the most common physical change in people’s life and also the reason why people experienced psychological distress such as depression, fear and a different view of themselves. Their social network is affected because of their physical movement disabilities and psychological distress. The total amount of people participating in the study was 184 persons whose experiences were studied, 53, 3% were men and 46, 7 % were women.

Conclusion: Every person who suffered from a stroke experienced some kind of change in their daily life. Therefore, it requires that health professionals have the knowledge of how individuals manage this life-changing. It could be anything from physical, psychological to social changes in their lives. Supportive help for the affected people has been an important part of the rehabilitation process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Quality of life, stroke, patient experience and stroke rehabilitation
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, stroke, patient upplevelse och strokerehabilitering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-24008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-24008DiVA: diva2:1095442
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-05-14 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved

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