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Operationssjuksköterskans profession: En fenomenografisk studie om grundutbildade sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om operationssjuksköterskans profession
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Idag är det brist på operationssjuksjuksköterskor i Sverige, vilket har resulterat i

att flera operationsavdelningar är förhindrade att bedriva full operationsverksamhet. Erfarna

operationssjuksköterskor går i pension under de närmsta åren samtidigt som intresset att

utbilda sig till operationssjuksköterska varit svagt. Bristen på behöriga

operationssjuksköterskor kan förvärras om inte åtgärder görs, vilket kan få svåra

konsekvenser som att antalet operationer måste reduceras ytterligare eller ställas in vilket

skulle bidra till ett lidande för patienten samt en ökad arbetsbelastning på den befintliga

personalen.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva grundutbildade sjuksköterskors uppfattningar om

operationssjuksköterskans profession.

Metod: En kvalitativ studie med en fenomenografisk

ansats utfördes. Ett strategiskt urval genomfördes, vilket resulterade i nio individuella

intervjuer med grundutbildade sjuksköterskor på ett sjukhus i södra Sverige.

Resultat:

Analysen resulterade i fyra kategorier: En intresseväckande profession, En krävande

profession, En teknisk profession och En osynlig profession. Var och en av kategorierna

bestod av två underkategorier.

Slutsats: Grundutbildade sjuksköterskor har otillräcklig

kunskap och kännedom om operationssjuksköterskans profession. Ökad klinisk erfarenhet och

information om operationssjuksköterskans profession skulle kunna skapa ett ökat intresse

eller underlätta i valet om en framtida operationssjuksköterskeutbildning.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Today is a shortage of operating theater nurse in Sweden, which has resulted in

several operational departments are unable to engage fully operational business.

Experienced

operating theater nurse

will retire in the next few years while the interest to train as a

operating theater nurse

has been neglected. The lack of competent operating theater nurse

may worsen if no measures implemented to change the situation, which can have serious

consequences, such as the number of operations must be further reduced or canceled, which

would contribute to the suffering of the patient and an increased workload on existing staff.

Aim:

The aim of the study was to describe nurses perceptions of operating theater nurse

profession.

Method: A qualitative study with phenomenographically was performed. A

strategic choice was conducted, which resulted in nine individual interviews nurses at a

hospital in southern Sweden.

Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: An interesting

profession, A demanding profession, A technical profession and An invisible profession. Each

of the categories consisted of two categories.

Conclusion: Nurses have inadequate knowledge

and understanding of operating theater nurse profession. Increased clinical experience and

information about the operating theater nurse profession could create an increased interest in

or facilitate the election of a future operating theater nurse education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Phenomenography, nurses, systems theory, operating theatre nurse, staff shortages, professionals, perceptions
Keywords [sv]
Fenomenografi, grundutbildade sjuksköterskor, systemteori, operationssjuksköterska, personalbrist, profession, uppfattningar
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-63785OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-63785DiVA, id: diva2:1095112
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Theatre Nursing, 60 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-12 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved

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