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Increased healthcare utilization costs following initiation of insulin treatment in type 2 diabetes: A long-term follow-up in clinical practice
AstraZeneca Nord Balt, Sodertalje, Sweden..
AstraZeneca Nord Balt, Sodertalje, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2247-8454
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
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2017 (English)In: Primary Care Diabetes, ISSN 1751-9918, E-ISSN 1878-0210, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 184-192Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To compare long-term changes in healthcare utilization and costs for type 2 diabetes patients before and after insulin initiation, as well as healthcare costs after insulin versus non-insulin anti-diabetic (NIAD) initiation. Methods: Patients newly initiated on insulin (n = 2823) were identified in primary health care records from 84 Swedish primary care centers, between 1999 to 2009. First, healthcare costs per patient were evaluated for primary care, hospitalizations and secondary outpatient care, before and up to seven years after insulin initiation. Second, patients prescribed insulin in second line were matched to patients prescribed NIAD in second line, and the healthcare costs of the matched groups were compared. Results: The total mean annual healthcare cost increased from 1656 per patient 2 years before insulin initiation to 3814 seven years after insulin initiation. The total cumulative mean healthcare cost per patient at year 5 after second-line treatment was 13,823 in the insulin group compared to 9989 in the NIAD group. Conclusions: Initiation of insulin in type 2 diabetes patients was followed by increased healthcare costs. The increases in costs were larger than those seen in a matched patient population initiated on NIAD treatment in second-line. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Primary Care Diabetes Europe. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 11, no 2, p. 184-192
Keywords [en]
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Healthcare utilization, Healthcare costs, Observational study
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321140DOI: 10.1016/j.pcd.2016.11.002ISI: 000396955300012PubMedID: 27894781OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-321140DiVA, id: diva2:1094960
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved

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