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”Kom inte nära, för då får du stryk”: En kvalitativ studie av kvinnors upplevelse av kriminalitet och vägen ut ur den.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”Don’t come any closer or I’ll hit you” : A qualitative study of women’s experience of and desistance from crime (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den här kvalitativa studien är att undersöka hur kvinnor berättar om kriminalitet och vägen ut ur kriminaliteten. Genom att synliggöra den mening och betydelse kvinnor lägger i kriminalitet och hur den betydelsen formas i interaktion med såväl umgänge i kriminella kretsar som möte med professionella kan studien bidra med ökad kunskap om kvinnors kriminalitet. Studien är baserad på intervjuer med fyra kvinnor som har lämnat en kriminell livsstil bakom sig. Studien är genomförd med den induktiva metoden grundad teori och har sin teoretiska hemvist i symbolisk interaktionism.

De tre övergripande kategorierna som under analysen visade sig i kvinnornas berättelser: motiv, relationer och samhälle, blev huvudbyggstenarna i den teoriskiss som resultatet och analysen slutligen landade i. Den teori som bygger på studiens resultat visar att kvinnorna kunde lämna kriminaliteten bakom sig efter att en omtolkningsprocess startats samtidigt som det i de tre områdena motiv, relationer och samhälle fanns icke-kriminella alternativ, förutsättningar och behandlingar. Omtolkningsprocessen kunde starta hos kvinnorna själva eller initieras av professionella. Det visade sig i studien att kvinnors kriminalitet både underskattas och underbehandlas. Stödet behövde vara långsiktigt, riktat mot kriminaliteten samt vara utformat efter kvinnors specifika behov. Kvinnorna behövde sunda, kvinnliga relationer, uppleva ett positivt föräldraskap, utveckla icke-kriminella värderingar samt en få en god självbild och icke-kriminell identitet. Det sociala arbetets utmaning består i att bygga en behandlingsform som tar hänsyn till kvinnors behov utifrån de tre nivåerna motiv, relationer och samhälle samt att både starta en omtolkningsprocess och snabbt fånga upp de kvinnor som befinner sig i en omtolkningsprocess. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine how women talk about crime and the ways they can get out of a criminal lifestyle. By highlighting the meaning women lay behind criminal actions and how those meanings are modified during interaction within both criminal circles and with the professional social workers this study can contribute to increased knowledge of women's criminality. The study is based on interviews with four women who have refrained from a criminal lifestyle. The study was conducted by the inductive method grounded theory and its theoretical resident is symbolic interactionism.

During the analysis three main categories appeared in the women's stories: motives, relationships and society, and those categories became the main building blocks of the theory that the result and analysis finally landed in. The theory that is based on the results of the study showed that women could desist from crime if they experienced an internal modifying process while also being offered non-criminal options, conditions and treatments in the three areas of motives, relationships and society. The internal modifying process could be initiated by the women’s own thoughts or by a professional. It was found in the study that women's criminality are both underestimated and undertreated. The support needed to be long term, aimed specifically at crime and designed for the specific needs of women. The women were helped by experiencing healthy female relationships and positive parenting, by developing non-criminal values ​​and by developing a good self-image and non-criminal identity. The challenge for social work is to build a form of treatment that takes into account women's needs from the three levels motives, relationships and society and to both initiate a modifying process and quickly capture the women who are in in the midst of an internal modifying process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 65 p.
Keyword [en]
Criminality, Female, Symbolic interaktionism, Grounded theory, Social work
Keyword [sv]
Kriminalitet, Kvinnor, Symbolisk interaktionism, Grundad teori, Socialt arbete
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137293DiVA: diva2:1094680
Subject / course
Bachelor Degree of Science in Social Work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved

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