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Brazilian land use policies and the development of ecosystem services
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering. (Environmental Management and Assessment)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8313-5845
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Concerns related to global environmental changes due to land use changes have been driving international communities towards more sustainable land use systems. Brazil is a country of global strategic importance in this matter considering that it is the nation with the largest extension of preserved tropical native vegetation, recognised for its ecosystem services and high and unique biodiversity. Expansion of forestry and agriculture is taking place rapidly in Brazil, partly over degraded pastureland, but also over native vegetation. Regulating policies to govern and limit this expansion is crucial to ensure the preservation of the ecosystems services provided by native vegetation.  This thesis aims at improving the understanding of the potential impacts of prevailing public and private policies in the conservation of nature in Brazil. For this end, the Land Use Policy Assessment (LUPA) model was employed to evaluate potential pathways of implementation of the land use policies. Paper 1 evaluated the effects of current private and public command and control regulations in the protection of above-ground carbon stocks, identifying the most relevant stakeholders holding carbon stocks. The findings suggest that about 10% of carbon stocks are unprotected, where other policy instruments based on the market will be mostly required. Paper 2 performed an assessment of the mechanism for offsetting the legal deficit of native vegetation among landholders, evaluating the different offsetting implementation practices and their impacts on nature protection and socio-economic development. The results indicate that the offsetting mechanism may have little or no additional effects on protection of native vegetation and its ecosystem services because most of the offsetting is likely to take place where native vegetation is already protected by current legislations. However, it is viable to maximise environmental and socio-economic returns from the offsetting mechanism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. , 39 p.
Series
TRITA-LWR. LIC, ISSN 1650-8629 ; 2017:01
Keyword [en]
Brazil, Land use policy, Forest protection, Ecosystem services, Biodiversity, Offsetting of legal reserves
National Category
Environmental Sciences Landscape Architecture Forest Science Environmental Management
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206844ISBN: 978-91-7729-433-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-206844DiVA: diva2:1094155
Presentation
2017-06-09, V1, Teknikringen 76, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170510

Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Who owns the Brazilian carbon?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who owns the Brazilian carbon?
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Land use policy, land tenure, forest act, ecosystem services protection, above-ground carbon, Brazil.
National Category
Environmental Sciences Landscape Architecture Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206839 (URN)
Note

QC 20170509

Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-09Bibliographically approved
2. Offsetting legal deficits of native vegetation among Brazilian landholders: effects on nature protection and socioeconomic development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Offsetting legal deficits of native vegetation among Brazilian landholders: effects on nature protection and socioeconomic development
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Forest Science Environmental Sciences Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206842 (URN)
Note

QC 20170509

Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Freitas, Flavio L. M.
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