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Thermochromic Oxide-Based Thin Films and Nanoparticle Composites for Energy-Efficient Glazings
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8279-5163
2017 (English)In: Buildings, ISSN 2075-5309, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 7, no 1, article id 3Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Today's advances in materials science and technology can lead to better buildings with improved energy efficiency and indoor conditions. Particular attention should be directed towards windows and glass facadesjointly known as glazingssince current practices often lead to huge energy expenditures related to excessive inflow or outflow of energy which need to be balanced by energy-intensive cooling or heating. This review article outlines recent progress in thermochromics, i.e., it deals with materials whose optical properties are strongly dependent on temperature. In particular, we discuss oxide-based thin surface coatings (thin films) and nanoparticle composites which can be deposited onto glass and are able to regulate the throughput of solar energy while the luminous (visible) properties remain more or less unaltered. Another implementation embodies lamination materials incorporating thermochromic (TC) nanoparticles. The thin films and nanocomposites are based on vanadium dioxide (VO2), which is able to change its properties within a narrow temperature range in the vicinity of room temperature and either reflects or absorbs infrared light at elevated temperatures, whereas the reflectance or absorptance is much smaller at lower temperatures. The review outlines the state of the art for these thin films and nanocomposites with particular attention to recent developments that have taken place in laboratories worldwide. Specifically, we first set the scene by discussing environmental challenges and their relationship with TC glazings. Then enters VO2 and we present its key properties in thin-film form and as nanoparticles. The next part of the article gives perspectives on the manufacturing of these films and particles. We point out that the properties of pure VO2 may not be fully adequate for buildings and we elaborate how additives, antireflection layers, nanostructuring and protective over-coatings can be employed to yield improved performance and durability that make TC glazings of considerable interest for building-related applications. Finally, we briefly describe recent developments towards TC light scattering and draw some final conclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2017. Vol. 7, no 1, article id 3
Keywords [en]
thermochromism, coating, thin film, nanoparticle, vanadium dioxide, energy-efficient glazing, sputter deposition
National Category
Materials Engineering Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321564DOI: 10.3390/buildings7010003ISI: 000398691800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-321564DiVA, id: diva2:1093811
Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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