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Födandets sociala utformning: språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet
Örebro University.
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explores the social construction of birth by analyzing the interaction between the participants present in the delivery room. The data is drawn from 79 video recordings of birth. Six are unedited research recordings and the remaining 73 were edited for pedagogical, documentary and entertaining purposes. The theoretical and analytical perspective is Conversation Analysis. With this microanalytic method, a detailed insight is given to the interaction in the delivery room which should be of linguistic, anthropologic and midwifery interest.

The thesis demonstrates how different situations are shaped during labor and the first 15 minutes after birth. It reveals how the identities child, girl, boy, mother, father, woman and man are constructed and negotiated in the unfolding interaction between the participants. In this sense, the thesis uncovers the construction of family roles in the delivery room during a delicate interaction between the private persons and the institutional representatives. The latter are charged with the complex task of safeguarding the physical wellbeing of mother and child while also promoting the development of parental identities. The thesis highlights the existence of a social birth work; the institutional interactants make use of a range of linguistic resources to demarcate the progression from second stage labor to birth and to position the newborn as an endeared social creature. Birth is an important liminal situation and is therefore forcefully spoken forth, and, as the thesis shows, enhanced with more or less ritual utterances and actions. Birth is also a matter of bodies, the body in labor, the supporting body of the partner and the appearance of the body of the newborn. The thesis gives insight into how these bodies are managed and stylized in interaction. Further the thesis makes visible the midwife’s use of interactional resources to instill strength into the body of the woman in labor. The results are discussed in light of the socio-cultural circumstances for hospital birth in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2013. , p. 70
Series
Studier från Örebro i svenska språket, ISSN 1653-9869 ; 8
Keywords [en]
birth work, conversation analysis, membership categorization analysis, connection maneuvres, identity, ritual and body in interaction
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Swedish Language
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62963Libris ID: 14228899ISBN: 978-91-7668-954-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-62963DiVA, id: diva2:1093603
Public defence
2013-09-25, BIOgrafen, Forumhuset, Örebro universitet, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. "Jag har inte riktigt fattat att jag har kommit": språk och positioneringar vid födsel
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Jag har inte riktigt fattat att jag har kommit": språk och positioneringar vid födsel
2010 (Swedish)In: Svenskans beskrivning 31: förhandlingar vid Trettioförsta sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning / [ed] Ann-Catrine Edlund, Ingmarie Mellenius, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 281-293Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Minuterna kring ett barns födelse är ofta dramatiska. Ena stunden kan fyllas av den yttersta smärta och den andra av den yttersta glädje. Födelseögonblicket brukar också medföra att statusförändringar talas fram; det fullgångna fostret ska övergå till människa, föderskan ska bli dess mamma och partnern dess pappa.2 I sammanhanget har förlossningspersonalen i uppgift att synliggöra det nyfödda barnet, stärka utvecklandet av föräldraidentiteter och främja interaktionen mellan föräldrar och barn (Handläggning av normal förlossning 2001:45, 58; Lärobok för barnmor skor 2009:48, 436). Med tanke på dessa åligganden och med tanke på att födsel är en allmänmänsklig erfarenhet, är det anmärkningsvärt att interaktionen vid detta tillfälle är så gott som outforskad. I föreliggande artikel presenterar jag en språkvetenskaplig analys av en videoinspelad förlossning.Syftet är att visa vilka positioneringar som sker i födelseögonblickets närhet och hur de åstadkoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet, 2010
Series
Nordsvenska, ISSN 0282-7182 ; 19
National Category
Specific Literatures
Research subject
Swedish Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62971 (URN)978-91-88466-79-2 (ISBN)
Conference
Den trettioförsta konferensen för svenskans beskrivning ägde rum i Umeå den 20–21 maj 2010
Available from: 2014-04-09 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-24Bibliographically approved
2. I begynnelsen var ordet: tal genom ofödda och nyfödda på förlossningsavdelningen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>I begynnelsen var ordet: tal genom ofödda och nyfödda på förlossningsavdelningen
2012 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 185-214Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The study examines the phenomenon of speaking through others in the specific context of labor and delivery at the birth clinic. Speech through a fetus or a newborn child is analyzed as a social act, receiving its meaning from the interactional and situational context. The data are drawn from a corpus of Scandinavian television documentaries. Previous research about speech through others has highlighted its function as face-work. This study shows that speech through fetuses and newborn children also can be regarded as a form of face-work, for instance as an indirect way of exhorting a woman in labor to mobilize more strength, or as an indirect way for finding out if a mother in the after-math of bearing-down contractions is ready to hold her newborn child. However, speech through fetuses and newborns does not merely serve as face-work. Above all it performs birth work: it verbalizes the birth and highlights the human, sociable character of the child. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för nordiska språk, 2012
Keywords
speech through others, animated speech, indirectness, interaction, face-work, birth work, childbirth, Swedish
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Swedish Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62970 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-09 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
3. It's a girl!: Social and linguistic practices for assigning sex in the delivery room1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>It's a girl!: Social and linguistic practices for assigning sex in the delivery room1
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

That society divides its members into females and males is the point of departure for muchresearch on gender and language yet the situated accomplishment of the primordial sexcategorization of the newborn child has not attracted much scholarly attention. The presentstudy fills this research gap by exploring the social and linguistic organization of sexassignment in a corpus of 67 videorecordings of birth. We present quantitative and qualitativesupport for the idea that sex assignment is a prioritized activity during the first minutes afterchild birth. Contrary to descriptions and assumptions in previous research we find that sexassignment typically engenders extended sequences of talk that requires collaborationbetween parents and medical staff. Furthermore, we find the assignment to be a genderedpractice in that fathers are given primary entitlement to proclaim the sex of their offspring.We conclude the study by situating our research in its socio-cultural context.

Keywords
sex assignment, childbirth, membership, categorization, conversation analysis
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Swedish Language
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62946 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-09 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
4. Att samkonstruera en faderskapsrit: En studie av interaktionen vid klippet av navelsträngen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att samkonstruera en faderskapsrit: En studie av interaktionen vid klippet av navelsträngen
2013 (Swedish)In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 169-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this article is to provide research about rites a new methodological perspective and to reintroduce rite as an analytical concept to linguistics, by showing how conversation analysis (CA) and membership categorization analysis (MCA) can reveal the rituality of an act from a member’s point of view. CA and MCA give insight into the dependence on the orientations of the participants and their cooperation in constructing an act as a rite. In this sense, the article fulfills the appeal of the sociologist Andrew Roth for a new consideration of the situated and dynamic circumstances of rites.

The specific aim is to investigate how the ritual dimension of the man’s cutting of the umbilical cord is manifested in the interplay between the participants in the delivery room. In Swedish delivery wards fathers are routinely asked whether they would like to cut the umbilical cord of their newborn child. In previous anthropological research, which has been based on interviews and questionnaires, the character of the cut as a paternity rite has been discussed. Yet, there has been no study about what actually happens in the delivery room; there has been no proof that the participants in real time orient to the act as something more than a mere cut. The present study draws on a corpus of 16 videorecordings from the delivery room that captures the interaction surrounding the cut in real time.

The linguistic microanalysis shows that the participants, by different means, elevate the man’s cutting of the cord as a valued act that is imbued with symbolism. It is shown that the cutting of the cord is a category-bound activity, reserved for the man and connected to the speaking forth of the category daddy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsförlaget, Oslo: , 2013
Keywords
Conversation analysis, medical interaction, Membership categorization, paternity, rite de passage, umbilical cord, Samtalsanalys, rite de passage, navelsträng, faderskap
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62951 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
5. Referens, perspektiv och sociala relationer: Samtalsanalys av videoinspelningar från två förlossningsavdelningar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Referens, perspektiv och sociala relationer: Samtalsanalys av videoinspelningar från två förlossningsavdelningar
2012 (Swedish)In: Med språket som arbetsredskap: Sju studier av kommunikation i vården / [ed] Anna-Malin Karlsson, Mats Landqvist & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Södertörn: Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 63-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Södertörn: Södertörns högskola, 2012
Series
Text- och samtalsstudier från Södertörns högskola ; 1
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62962 (URN)978-91-86069-53-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-08-22 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
6. ”Jag orkar inte längre” – ”Du orKAr”: Språkliga bemötanden av föderskors modlöshet och förtvivlan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Jag orkar inte längre” – ”Du orKAr”: Språkliga bemötanden av föderskors modlöshet och förtvivlan
2014 (Swedish)In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, no 24, p. 5-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This CA study unpacks some of the tacit knowledge that underpins the emotional work of the midwife. The analysis departs from four televised video-recordings of interaction during secondstage labor where the woman in labor expresses discouragement or despair. The aim is to show how expressions of emotions in a painful physical situation may be responded to in multiparty interaction. The expressions of discouragement, and eventually despair, are responded to in both affiliating and solution-oriented ways. This variation of approaches is facilitated by the presence of several participants. Through physical closeness, the partner may perform a supporting intimacy role. Thus the midwife can concentrate on being solution-oriented. Furthermore, the analysis shows that the partner helps her in her solution-oriented interaction with the woman in labor. In accordance with an earlier study, this study also suggests that the midwife’s breaking of the interaction pattern and giving of new instructions have positive effects on women in despair during second-stage labor.

Keywords
second-stage labor, emotional work, conversation analysis, affiliation, solutionoriented, multiparty interaction, tacit knowledge
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62947 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf