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HIV-patienters upplevelse av bemötandet inom hälso- och sjukvården: En beskrivande litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: På världsbasis lever 36,7 miljoner människor med sjukdomen Humant Immunbrist Virus (HIV). Då forskningen och behandlingen gått framåt från att vara en dödlig till kronisk sjukdom med rätt behandling, kan patienter idag leva ett helt liv. Trots detta bemöts patientgruppen många gånger med stigmatiserande attityder då kunskapen om sjukdomen visat sig vara bristfällig hos hälso-och sjukvårdspersonal.

Syftet: Var att beskriva hur patienter med diagnosen HIV upplever bemötandet inom hälso-och sjukvården, samt att granska undersökningsgrupperna i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. Sökningar utfördes i PubMed och CINAHL. Totalt 14 artiklar med kvalitativ design och två med mixad metod, där endast den kvalitativa delen presenteras i resultatet. Analysmetoden som användes till studien var Evans beskrivande modell.

Resultat: Två huvudteman identifierades i studien kunskapsnivå och attitydernas betydelse i mötet. Studien visade att kunskapsnivån har betydelse för bemötandet. Patienterna upplevde att när personal hade högre kompetens och positivare attityder resulterade det i bättre bemötande. Däremot okunskap hos personalen visade sig i form av negativa attityder och rädsla för patientgruppen,vilket resulterade i onödigt lidande och inget förtroende för vården. Undersökningsgruppen presenterades utifrån ålder, kön, antal år med HIV samt geografisk tillhörighet.

Slutsatser: Negativa attityder i form av stigmatisering och diskriminering återstår inom hälso-och sjukvården av HIV positiva patienter. Positiva attityder visade sig vara starkt sammankopplat med kunskapsnivån hos personalen. Ämnet behöver därför belysas för att omvårdnaden ska utvecklas och ett professionellt förhållningssätt upprätthållas.

Abstract [en]

Background: In global basis 36, 7 million people living with the disease Human Immuno deficiency Virus (HIV). As the research and treatment progressed from being a fatal to chronic disease, with proper treatment, patients can now live a full life. Despite this the patient group are treated many times with stigmatizing attitudes as knowledge of the disease shown to be deficient among healthcare personnel.

Purpose: Was to describe how patients diagnosed with HIV experiencing the meeting with healthcare personnel, as well as to review the study groups in the included articles.

Method: Literature study with descriptive design. Searches were carried out in PubMed and CINAHL. A total of 14 articles with qualitative design and two with mixed method, where only the qualitative part is presented in the results. The analytical method used for this study was Evans descriptive model.

Findings: Two main themes were identified in the study, knowledge level and attitude of the significance of the meeting. The study showed that the level of knowledge is important for the meeting. Patients experienced that when personnel had higher skills and more positive attitudes this resulted in better treatment. In contrast, ignorance of the personnel turned out in the form of negative attitudes and fear of the patient group, resulting in unnecessary suffering and no confidence in health care. The study group presented based on age, sex, number of years with HIV and geographic affiliations.

Conclusions: Negative attitudes in the form of stigma and discrimination remains in health care of HIV positive patients. Positive attitudes were shown to have a strong correlation level with expertise of the health care personnel. The subject needs to be highlighted in order to developing care and maintain a professional attitude.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Experience, HIV infections, HIV infected patients Professional - patient relation
Keyword [sv]
HIV-infektion, HIV-infekterade patienter, professionell - patient relation, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23954DiVA: diva2:1092256
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-05 Created: 2017-05-02 Last updated: 2017-05-05Bibliographically approved

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