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Social Entrepreneurship and Influence on Regional Firm Demography
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Business, Economics and Law.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The central interest of this thesis is the emergence of social  ventures. In this regard, it investigates two types of questions: what regional factors influence the emergence of social  ventures? and what  types of interaction may emerge between the emergence of social  ventures and the demography (entry,  exit  and migration) of commercial ventures in a region? The thesis also aims to adopt a macro-oriented approach to studying the research questions.

To  answer  those  questions, this  thesis  applies  both  theoretical  and empirical  analysis.  For the theoretical analysis, instead of a single theory it applies three middle-range theories: theory of organisational ecology, market failure theory, and the demand and supply theory of  entrepreneurship. The empirical analysis is based on two large-scale databases from  Sweden  and  the U.S. The Swedish database includes nonprofit social ventures and commercial ventures for the 1990-2014 period from all of the 290 municipalities across Sweden, while the database from U.S. includes 88 counties in the State of Ohio between 2003-2007.

The answers to the research questions are presented in the form of six papers. Paper 1 provides an overall picture of the different possible functions of social ventures within communities and  their contributions to regional development. With this overall view, Papers 2 and 3 answer the  first  research question, that is the factors influencing the emergence of social ventures. Thus, while  Paper 2 provides a review of previous research, Paper 3 empirically examines some of  the  regional factors that may influence the emergence of social ventures in a region. The  results of Paper 3 revealed that factors such as gender, education, entrepreneurial role models, wealth, unemployment rate, age, and urbanisation positively influence the emergence rate of the of social venture in a region.

Papers 4, 5 and 6 are dedicated to answering the second type of research question, in other  words the interaction between the emergence of  social ventures and the demography (entry, exit and migration) of commercial ventures. As such, Paper 4 studies how the emergence of social ventures is influenced by the entry and exit of commercial ventures, Paper 5 investigates how the emergence of social ventures influences the entry of commercial ixventures, and Paper 6 examines how the emergence of social ventures influences the migration of commercial  ventures. In summary, the results of these three papers reveal that while the emergence of social ventures negatively influences the commercial ventures inside a region, it has a positive  influence on the commercial ventures outside the region. Paper 6 further investigates the influence of the emergence of commercial ventures on the migration of commercial ventures.  The results show that while the emergence of social ventures attracts commercial ventures from outside into a region, the emergence of commercial ventures repels them from moving into the region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University , 2017. , 94 p.
Series
Mid Sweden University doctoral thesis, ISSN 1652-893X ; 265
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-30682ISBN: 978-91-88527-19-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-30682DiVA: diva2:1092069
Public defence
2017-05-31, L 111, Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Vid tidpunkten för disputationen var följande delarbeten opublicerade: delarbete 3 accepterat, delarbete 5 accepterat, delarbete 6 manuskript.

At the time of the doctoral defence the following papers were unpublished: paper 3 accepted, paper 5 accepted, paper 6 manuscript.

Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-04-29 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Social ventures and regional development: important contributions unappreciated
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social ventures and regional development: important contributions unappreciated
2014 (English)In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lundström, C Zhou, Y von Friedrichs, E Sundin, Springer, 2014, 325-342 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21198 (URN)978-3-319-01395-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-31 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved
2. The likely determinants of social entrepreneurship and policy implications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The likely determinants of social entrepreneurship and policy implications
2014 (English)In: Social entrepreneurship: leveraging economic, political and cultural dimensions / [ed] A Lundström, C Zhou, Y von Friedrichs, E Sundin, Springer, 2014, 293-307 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-21196 (URN)978-3-319-01395-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-31 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2017-04-29Bibliographically approved
3. Regional demand and supply factors of social entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional demand and supply factors of social entrepreneurship
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate determinants of social entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses a large-scale database covering Sweden’s 290 municipalities over the 1990-2014 period. The theoretical analysis is based on the demand and supply theory of entrepreneurship, while the empirical analysis is based on feasible generalized least-squares regression models.

Findings

The results indicate that the male proportion of the workforce, education level, the presence of entrepreneurial role models, wealth, unemployment rate, age, and urbanization positively influence the rate of social venture creation in a region.

Originality/value

This is one of few studies that empirically investigate determinants of social entrepreneurship, and the very first in the Swedish context. The study uses a large-scale database and advanced regression methods.

National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29280 (URN)10.1108/IJEBR-09-2016-0292 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-12 Last updated: 2017-08-30Bibliographically approved
4. Social Venture Creation and the Influence of Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study in Swedish Context
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Venture Creation and the Influence of Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study in Swedish Context
2016 (English)In: Social Enterprise Journal, ISSN 1750-8614, E-ISSN 1750-8533, Vol. 12, no 3, 347-367 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to understand how social and commercial ventures interact with each other. It investigates how the entry, exit and prevalence of commercial ventures in a given region can influence the creation of social ventures.

Design/methodology/approach

Market failure theory has been used as a framework for analysing the interaction between social and commercial ventures. The results of the theoretical analysis were further empirically examined using a large-scale database covering all 290 municipalities in Sweden from 1990 to 2014 and applying the panel-corrected standard errors (PCSE) method.

Findings

The results of this study, in general, reveal a competition between social and commercial ventures. Its specific results, however, are related to influences that the entry, exit and prevalence of commercial ventures can have on the creation of social ventures. The study’s results reveal that while the entry and prevalence of commercial ventures in a region negatively influence the creation of social ventures, commercial ventures’ exits have a positive influence.

Originality/value

Within social entrepreneurship literature, this is the first study that empirically investigates the influence of commercial ventures’ entry and exit on social venture creation and the second study to investigate the influence of commercial ventures’ prevalence on social venture creation. It is also the first of such studies in the Swedish context. The study is also unique due to the large-scale database it uses.

Keyword
Sweden, Social entrepreneurship, Regional development, Firm entry, Market failure, Social venture
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29278 (URN)10.1108/SEJ-02-2016-0006 (DOI)000392194000006 ()
Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-12 Last updated: 2017-04-29Bibliographically approved
5. Regional Dynamism between Social and Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study based on Swedish data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional Dynamism between Social and Commercial Ventures: An Empirical Study based on Swedish data
(English)In: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 44, no 9Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-29279 (URN)
Available from: 2016-11-12 Created: 2016-11-12 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved

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