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Sjuksköterskors upplevda svårigheter vid vård av patienter med palliativ diagnos: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses perceived difficulties in nursing patients with palliative diagnosis : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den palliativa vården för hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal innebär att försöka uppnå den döende personens maximala livskvalitet och att lindra lidandet. Vården lutar sig mot det nationella vårdprogrammet för palliativ vård samt International Council of Nurses, ICN. Sjuksköterskans roll och uppgifter inom vården beskrivs där även de fyra hörnstenarna belyses.

Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskornas upplevda svårigheter vid vård av patienter med palliativ diagnos.

Metod: Examensarbetet är en litteraturöversikt baserad på Fribergs analysmetod. Denna litteraturöversikt inkluderar tio vetenskapliga artiklar som har sökts i databaserna CINAHL Complete och PubMed. Som en teoretisk utgångspunkt har Patricia Benners teori från novis till expert valts som en diskussion i resultatdiskussionen.

Resultat: Sjuksköterskornas upplevda svårigheter av att vårda patienter med en palliativ diagnos resulterade i fyra huvudteman i litteraturöversikten; kommunikation, närstående och relation, vårdteamet samt kunskap och erfarenheter.

Diskussion: Resultatet i litteraturöversikten har diskuterats utifrån Benners teori. Sjuksköterskornas upplevda svårigheter belystes genom fyra teman – kunskap och erfarenhet, närståendestöd, kommunikation mellan kollegor och gentemot patienten samt kultur som upplevd svårighet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Palliative care for health professional means trying to achieve the maximum dying person's quality of life and ease suffering. The palliative care for health professionals means to try to achieve the dying person's maximum quality of life and alleviate suffering. The care inclined towards the Swedish national health care program for palliative care and the International Council of Nurses, ICN. The nurse's role and tasks in health care are described where even the four cornerstones elucidated.

Aim: To elucidate the nurses perceived difficulties in nursing patients with palliative diagnosis.

Method: The thesis is a literature review based on Friberg's analysis. This literature review includes ten scientific articles that have been searched in the databases CINAHL Complete and PubMed. As a theoretical base, Patricia Benner's theory from novice to expert was selected as a discussion of the results discussion.

Results: The nurses perceived difficulties of caring for patients with a palliative diagnosis resulted in four main themes in the literature; communication, family and relationship, the health care team as well as knowledge and experience.

Discussion: The results of the literature review are discussed based on Benner's theory. The nurses' perceived difficulties irradiated by four themes – knowledge and experience, family support, communication between colleagues and towards the patient as well the culture as perceived difficulties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Palliative diagnosis, Nurses' experiences, Nurses' difficulties, Good death, Good palliative care, Experiences, Dying, Communication
Keyword [sv]
Palliativ diagnos, Sjuksköterskors upplevelser, Sjuksköterskors svårigheter, God död, God palliativ vård, Upplevelser, Död, Kommunikation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-5914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-5914DiVA: diva2:1091757
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-02 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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