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Vägen till hjärtat går via magen - medelhavskostens betydelse efter en hjärtinfarkt
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Myocardial infarction is the disease that most people die of today in Sweden. Research has shown a clear association between diet, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases and proper diet is considered to prevent cardiovascular diseases. The advocated diet has varied over the years and in recent years the Mediterranean diet is highlighted as a possible diet for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.Objective: The purpose was to investigate the effects of the Mediterranean diet in people who have suffered myocardial infarction and if the nurse can help with a positive dietary change.Method: A systematic literature study that contains 10 quantitative scientific articles. The articles were found in PubMed and Cochrane.Results: Several studies showed effects on blood lipids and changes in inflammatory markers. Reduced Body Mass Index and blood pressure occurred in several studies and also reduced fasting glucose occurred. Some of the studies presented a result where the Mediterranean diet gave greater survival and decreased morbidity and mortality. Some of the studies showed that the nurse could affect a dietary change.Conclusion: The results of the study show that the Mediterranean diet seems to have a protective effect against a number of risk factors for myocardial infarction and can be a useful diet for individuals who have survived myocardial infarction. The nurse should work to promote health and to explain and communicate important information to the patient, which may involve advice on the Mediterranean diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [sv]
Hjärtinfarkt, diet, medelhavskost, sekundär prevention, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-321005DiVA: diva2:1091754
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 483 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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