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Graphene-based CO2 sensing and its cross-sensitivity with humidity
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Electronics, Integrated devices and circuits.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4637-8001
KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre. KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics. (KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF. KTH, Centres, SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre.)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8222-3157
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Micro and Nanosystems.
RWTH Aachen, Otto-Blumenthal-Str., 52074 Aachen, Germany .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4552-2411
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2017 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 7, 22329-22339 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present graphene-based CO2 sensing and analyze its cross-sensitivity with humidity. In order to assess the selectivity of graphene-based gas sensing to various gases, measurements are performed in argon (Ar), nitrogen (N2), oxygen (O2), carbon dioxide (CO2), and air by selectively venting the desired gas from compressed gas bottles into an evacuated vacuum chamber. The sensors provide a direct electrical readout in response to changes in high concentrations, from these bottles, of CO2, O2, nitrogen and argon, as well as changes in humidity from venting atmospheric air. From the signal response to each gas species, the relative graphene sensitivity to each gas is extracted as a relationship between the percentage-change in graphene's resistance response to changes in vacuum chamber pressure. Although there is virtually no response from O2, N2 and Ar, there is a sizeable cross-sensitivity between CO2 and humidity occurring at high CO2 concentrations. However, under atmospheric concentrations of CO2, this cross-sensitivity effect is negligible – allowing for the use of graphene-based humidity sensing in atmospheric environments. Finally, charge density difference calculations, computed using density functional theory (DFT) are presented in order to illustrate the bonding of CO2 and water molecules on graphene and the alterations of the graphene electronic structure due to the interactions with the substrate and the molecules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2017. Vol. 7, 22329-22339 p.
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206164DOI: 10.1039/C7RA02821KOAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-206164DiVA: diva2:1091748
Note

QC 20170517

Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-27 Last updated: 2017-05-23

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Smith, Anderson D.Elgammal, KarimFan, XugeLemme, Max C.Delin, AnnaRåsander, MikaelBergqvist, LarsSchröder, StephanFischer, Andreas C.Niklaus, FrankÖstling, Mikael
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