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Patienters erfarenheter av elektrokonvulsiv terapi: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av bloggar
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients´ experiences of electroconvulsive therapy : A qualitative content analysis of blogs (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: ECT har funnits inom den psykiatriska vården sedan 40-talet och används fortfarande idag. Behandlingen är vanligast hos patienter med djup depression. Trots att behandlingen är vanlig finns det en begränsad kunskap om patienters erfarenheter inom området.  Sjuksköterskorna ansvarar för omvårdnad och ska identifiera patienternas behov.  Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva erfarenheter av ECT hos patienter som lever med depression. Metod: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av 12 narrativa texter i form av bloggar har lyfts fram. Resultat: En hoppfullhet finns inför behandlingen, men patienterna är rädda för att biverkningar efteråt ska påverka deras liv negativt. ECT hjälper patienterna att bryta depression, men biverkningar i form av minnesstörningar och kognitiv påverkan förekommer. Patienterna anser att delaktigheten blir lidande då informationen för att kunna ta ett beslut om ECT är bristfällig. Konklusion: Patienterna ser en ljusare framtid då ECT har hjälpt dem att bryta depressionen och lidandet. Patienterna önskar att informationen om ECT:s  risker och biverkningar skulle ha lyfts fram tydligare då biverkningarna påverkar deras liv negativt så som minnesstörningar och kognitiv biverkan. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskorna samspelar med patienten och gör patienten delaktig i den egna vården för att minska lidandet.

Abstract [en]

Background: ECT has been a part of psychiatric health care since the 1940’s and is still used today. The treatment is most commonly used with patients suffering from deep depression. Despite the treatment being common, there is little knowledge of the patients’ experiences thereof. The nurses are responsible for the nursing of the patient and for identifying the patients’ needs. Aim: The aim of the study is to describe the experiences of ECT for patients suffering from depression. Method: The study applies a qualitative content analysis in 12 narratives from blogs. Results: Patients are hopeful before the treatment, but at the same time anxious that the treatment will have side effects affecting their lives. ECT helps patients defeat depression, thus sideeffects such as memory disorders and cognitive loss may occur. The patients experience losses in involvement as the information needed to make a decision on ECT is flawed. Conclusion: Patients see a brighter future as ECT has helped them to defeat their depression and suffering. The patients wish that they had been given clearer information regarding the risks and side effects of ECT as the side effects affected their lives. It is therefore important that the nurses cooperate with the patients in order to support their needs and reduce suffering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression, ECT, Electroconvulsive therapy, Experiences, Suffering
Keyword [sv]
Depression, ECT, Elektrokonvulsiv terapi, Erfarenheter, Lidande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13529OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13529DiVA: diva2:1091540
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved

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