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Having It All? Employment, Earnings and Children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics.
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sweden boasts high fertility and high female employment. However, part-time employmentis very prevalent. There is a notable gender gap in both wages and earnings,which widens substantially after women have children. In this paper we studythe effect of family policies on female employment, fertility and the gender wagegap. To this end, we develop a structural, life cycle model of heterogeneous householdswhich features endogenous labor supply, human capital accumulation, fertilityand home production. We find that family policies, such as subsidized daycare andpart-time work options, promote maternal employment and fertility. Part-time workcontributes greatly to the widening of the gender wage gap following the arrival ofchildren. However, restricting part-time work options would lower maternal employment, and thereby also widen the gender wage gap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2017. , 32 p.
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2017:6
Keyword [en]
Life cycle; Labor supply; Human capital; Fertility; Home production
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-320800DiVA: diva2:1091014
Available from: 2017-04-25 Created: 2017-04-25 Last updated: 2017-04-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf