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Cancer i familjen: Kvinnors upplevelser av att genomgå cancerbehandling i relation till närstående
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cancer in the family : Women´s experiences of undergoing cancer treatment in relation to related parties (English)
Abstract [sv]

ABSTRAKT

Bakgrund: Var tredje person i Sverige drabbas någon gång i livet av cancer. Vanliga cancerformer hos kvinnor är bröstcancer, gynekologisk cancer och colo-rektalcancer. Många drabbade kvinnor lever i familj och har ansvar för barn och andra närstående, vilket ställer särskilda krav under sjukdomstiden.

Syfte: Att belysa kvinnors erfarenhet av att ha genomgått cancerbehandling i relation till familj och närstående.

Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes år 2016 med tio cancerbehandlade kvinnor som lever i familj. Som analysmetod användes kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Studien utmynnade i ett huvudtema: ”Familj och närstående är i en interpersonell process med den sjuka”, och tre teman: ”Att vara en belastning och i utanförskap, ”Kampen att värna familjen” och ”Familj i förändring”, samt tio subteman. Cancerdrabbade kvinnor bar ett praktiskt och känslomässigt ansvar för familjen. Nya insikter om närstående erfors och ensamhetskänslor uppstod då de inte orkade finnas till hands, vilket orsakade en känsla av alienation. Barn och partner gav också tröst och kvinnorna upplevde en gemensam styrka i familjen. Tillit och bättre kommunikation uppstod i familjen.

Slutsats: När en mamma drabbas av cancer involveras hela familjen, då den fungerar som ett system där den interpersonella processen påverkar helheten. För att omvårdnad ska fungera tillfredsställande behöver familjen involveras under sjukdomstiden.

Nyckelord: Cancer, familj, förälder, gender, kommunikation, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskor, system.

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Background: In Sweden, one third of the population is afflicted with cancer at some point in life. Dominant forms among women are breast cancer, gynaecological cancer and colo-rectal cancer. Many afflicted women live in family settings and are responsible for children and other relatives, which poses special demands during their illness.

Aim: To illuminate women's experience of undergoing cancer treatment in relation to the family and related parties.

Method: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken in 2016 with ten women who had gone through cancer treatment while living in a family setting. The applied method was qualitative contents analysis.

Results: The study resulted in the main theme” Families and related parties are in an inter-personal process with the ill person” and three themes: “To be a burden and alienation”,” The struggle to safeguard the family”, “Family affected by change” and ten sub themes. Women afflicted by cancer had practical and emotional responsibilities for their families. New insights about members were gleaned and feelings of loneliness arose when others could not offer enough support, and a sense of alienation could follow. But children and partners were also sources of consolation and many women found strength in their families. Trust and deeper communications developed.

Conclusion: When a mother is afflicted by cancer, her whole family is involved, as families function systemically through inter-personal processes. Satisfactory nursing thus requires family involvement during the time of illness.

Key words: Cancer, family, parent, gender, communications, nursing, nurses, system.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, family, parent, gender, communications, nursing, nurses, system
Keyword [sv]
cancer, familj, förälder, gender, kommunikation, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskor, system
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133945DiVA: diva2:1090128
Educational program
Master Programme in Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-22 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved

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