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The Efficacy of Short-term Gated Audiovisual Speech Training for Improving Auditory Sentence Identification in Noise in Elderly Hearing Aid Users
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Linnaeus Ctr HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
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2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, 368Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to examine the efficacy and maintenance of short-term (one-session) gated audiovisual speech training for improving auditory sentence identification in noise in experienced elderly hearing-aid users. Twenty-five hearing aid users (16 men and 9 women), with an average age of 70.8 years, were randomly divided into an experimental (audiovisual training, n = 14) and a control (auditory training, n = 11) group. Participants underwent gated speech identification tasks comprising Swedish consonants and words presented at 65 dB sound pressure level with a 0 dB signal-to-noise ratio (steady-state broadband noise), in audiovisual or auditory-only training conditions. The Hearing-in-Noise Test was employed to measure participants auditory sentence identification in noise before the training (pre-test), promptly after training (post-test), and 1 month after training (one-month follow-up). The results showed that audiovisual training improved auditory sentence identification in noise promptly after the training (post-test vs. pre-test scores); furthermore, this improvement was maintained 1 month after the training (one-month follow-up vs. pre-test scores). Such improvement was not observed in the control group, neither promptly after the training nor at the one-month follow-up. However, no significant between-groups difference nor an interaction between groups and session was observed. Conclusion: Audiovisual training may be considered in aural rehabilitation of hearing aid users to improve listening capabilities in noisy conditions. However, the lack of a significant between-groups effect (audiovisual vs. auditory) or an interaction between group and session calls for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA , 2017. Vol. 8, 368
Keyword [en]
audiovisual training; auditory training; hearing aid; speech-in-noise identification
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Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136596DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00368ISI: 000396065900001PubMedID: 28348542OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136596DiVA: diva2:1089977
Available from: 2017-04-21 Created: 2017-04-21 Last updated: 2017-05-08

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Moradi, ShahramWahlin, AnnaHällgren, MathiasRönnberg, JerkerLidestam, Björn
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Disability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability ResearchDepartment of Behavioural Sciences and LearningDivision of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology in LinköpingPsychology
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