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Skogsbruk och renskötsel på samma mark: En rättsvetenskaplig studie av äganderätten och renskötselrätten
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Law. (Arcum)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8877-8962
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Forestry and reindeer husbandry on the same land : a legal study of land ownership and Sami reindeer herding rights (English)
Abstract [en]

In the northern parts of Sweden forestry and Sami reindeer herding are exercised on the same land and there is an ongoing land use dispute between the land users. Land ownership and reindeer herding rights, based on immemorial prescription and customary law, are parallel property rights to the same land. Studies have concluded that the legal framework does not sufficiently reflect the property rights perspective of the land use conflict. This study examines the legal framework that regulates the relationship between forestry and reindeer herding from a property rights perspective. Starting points of the study are basic aspects of property rights, such as the right to use, decide on and benefit economically from property and the legal protection required in relation to others. Comparisons are made with the legal frameworks that regulate other relationships within real estate law, including e.g. neighbors, easements, joint facilities and utility easement.

The study concludes that the relationship between land ownership and reindeer herding rights can be understood only against the background of historical events such as colonization and demarcation. The rights are more independent of each other than other legal relations and can be compared to a double ownership. It is further concluded that the Forestry Act is based on the assumption that reindeer herding is primarily a public interest that needs protection. Land owners have a far-reaching right to use forests that causes damages to reindeer pasture lands that is not in accordance with the legal nature of the reindeer herding right. Further, central elements usually used to regulate property rights relations are missing, e.g. mutual consideration, damages and judicial review.

The study also examines if the legal framework is in accordance with the constitutional protection of property in Chapter 2 Section 15 of the constitutional Instrument of Government and Article 1 of the First Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights. It is concluded that the legal framework has several deficiencies in this respect. Elements are discussed that can be implemented in law to appropriately reflect the property rights studied.

Abstract

Nuorta osiin Ruoŧas meahccedoallu ja sámi boazodoallu doaimmahuvvojit seamma eatnamiin ja leat eananriiddut eanangeavaheddjiid gaskkas. Eananoamasteapmi ja boazodoallorievttit, vuođđuduvvon dološ vieruiduvvon rievtti ja doloža rájes geavaheami vuođul, leaba bálddalaš opmodatrievttit seamma eatnamiidda. Guorahallamat leat čuoččuhan ahte juridihkalaš rámmahuksehus ii doarvái govvit opmodatrievtti geahčastaga eanangeavahanriiddus. Dát guorahallan iská juridihkalaš rámmahuksehusa mii mudde gaskavuođa meahccedoalu ja boazoealáhusa gaskkas opmodatriektelaš geahčastagas. Vuolggasadji guorahallamis lea vuđolaš aspeavttat opmodatrievttis, dego riekti geavahit, mearridit ja ávkkástallat ekonomalaččat opmodagas ja dat lágalaš suodji mii gáibiduvvon iežáid gaskavuođaide. Buohtastahttimat leat dahkkon juridihkalaš rámmahuksehusain mii mudde iežá gaskavuođaid opmodatlágas, ránnjá gullojit maid dása, servituhtat, ásahusat ja jođasriekti.

Guorahallan gávnnaha ahte gaskavuohta eananopmodaga ja boazodoallorievtti gaskkal dušše sáhttá ipmirduvvot dan duogážiin historjjálaš dáhpáhusaiguin dego koloniseren ja ráddjen. Dát vuoigatvuođat leat eanet sorjavaččat guhte guoimmis go iežá juridihkalaš gaskavuođat ja sáhttá buohtastahttot guovtte gearddi oamastemiin. Leat vel lassin gávnnahuvvon ahte Meahccedikšoláhka lea vuođđuduvvon dáinna oainnuin ahte boazodoallu lea almmolaš beroštupmi ja dárbbaha suoji. Eananoamasteddjiin lea stuorra muddui riekti geavahit meahci nu ahte dagaha vahága boazodoalu guohtuneatnamiidda ja ii čuovu boazodoallorievtti lága vuoiŋŋa. Dasa lassin, váilot guovddáš oasit mat dábálaččat muddejit opmodatgaskavuođaid, omd. gáibádusat oktasaš vuhtii váldimis, billisteamit ja riektelaš geahččaleapmi.

Guorahallan iská maid jus lágalaš rámma čuvvo dan konstitušuvnnalaš suoji opmodagas 2 kap 5 oassi ruoŧa vuođđolágas ja 1 artihkal vuosttaš beavdegirjjis Eurohpákonvenšuvnnas eamiálbmotrivttiide. Lea gávnnahuvvon ahte juridihkalaš rámmain leat máŋga váilevašvuođat dán eavttus ja oasit lágas mat sáhttet rievdaduvvot vai buoret govvidit ja suddjejit iskojuvvon opmodatrivttiid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017. , 376 p.
Series
Skrifter från Juridiska institutionen vid Umeå universitet, ISSN 1404-9198 ; 35
Keyword [en]
land ownership
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133884ISBN: 978-91-7601-687-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133884DiVA: diva2:1089570
Public defence
2017-05-12, Hörsal B, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-04-21 Created: 2017-04-20 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved

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