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Kvinnors upplevelser av att drabbas av missfall samt bemötande av vårdpersonal: En litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Miscarriage is also called spontaneous abortion and occurs in about 20 percent of all pregnancies. The majority of miscarriages occur before 12 weeks of pregnancy and the main causes are chromosomal abnormalities or damage to the fertilized egg.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe women's experiences when they suffer a miscarriage and treatment from the medical staff during miscarriage. And to describe the data collection methods used in the included articles.

Methods: A descriptive literature study based on 12 scientific articles with a qualitative approach. The CINAHL database was used for the article search and the keywords that was used were: Miscarriage and Experience.

Main results: The result described the women who had suffered from a miscarriage experienced physical and mental pain.The miscarriage was described as a loss and crushed ambitions for the future. Emotions such as shame and guilt were common. Miscarriage was seen as a traumatic experience for the affected woman. Experiences as loneliness and omission were common, and that the women’s physical and mental pain was overlooked by the medical staff. Lack of empathy and compassion affected the women negatively. If themedical staff confirmed the grief it helped the women with their physical and emotional needs. Perceptions and feelings of security occurred when the women had a prior relationship to the obstetrician, who then knew their history and background. The data collection method used in all articles were individual audio recorded interviews.

Conclusion: The conclusion to be drawn from this study is that the women who suffered miscarriages was affected both physically and mentally. The response and relevant information from the nursing staff has a major impact on how women perceive their situation when they have suffered a miscarriage.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Missfall benämns även som spontan abort och inträffar i omkring 20 procent av alla graviditeter. Majoriteten av alla missfall sker innan graviditetsvecka 12 och de främsta orsakerna är kromosomavvikelser eller skador på det befruktade ägget.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser när de drabbas av missfall och bemötandet från vårdpersonal vid missfall. Samt att beskriva vilka datainsamlingsmetoder som använts i de inkluderade artiklarna.

Metod: En deskriptiv litteraturstudie som grundade sig på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Databasen Cinahl användes för artikelsökning med sökorden:Miscarriage och Experience.

Huvudresultat: Resultatet beskriver hur kvinnor som drabbats av missfall upplever både fysisk och psykisk smärta. Missfallet beskrevs som en förlust och framtidsplaner som krossades. Känslor som skam och skuld var vanligt förekommande. Missfall sågs som en traumatisk upplevelse för den drabbade kvinnan. Upplevelser som ensamhet och utelämnande var vanligt förekommande, samt att kvinnornas fysiska och psykiska smärta förbisågs av vårdpersonalen. Brist på empati och medlidande påverkade kvinnorna negativt. Genom att vårdpersonalen bekräftade sorgen hjälpte det kvinnorna med deras fysiska och emotionella behov. Upplevelser av trygghet förekom när kvinnorna hade en tidigare relation till obstetrikern, som då kände till deras historia och bakgrund. Den datainsamlingsmetod som använts i samtliga artiklar var individuella ljudinspelade intervjuer.

Slutsats: Slutsatsen som kan dras av denna litteraturstudie är att kvinnorna som drabbats av missfall påverkas både fysiskt och psykiskt. Bemötandet och relevant information från vårdpersonalen har en stor inverkan på hur kvinnorna upplever sin situation när de drabbats av missfall.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 29 p.
Keyword [en]
treatment, miscarriage, experience
Keyword [sv]
bemötande, missfall, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-23888OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-23888DiVA: diva2:1089180
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved

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