Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Political Pasture: A Governmentality Analysis of Community-Based Pasture Management in Kyrgyzstan
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Description
Abstract [en]

This thesis seeks to understand the development and implementation of the community-based pasture management policy in Kyrgyzstan, which transferred the responsibility for pasture-use planning from state administrative organs to local community-based organizations.

Using document analysis, this thesis contextualizes the emergence and evolution of the policy’s key premises, including the advantages of community-based management compared to state-centered management. Using interviews and observations, this thesis draws out individual experiences of herders, forestry service officials and the members of pasture committees with the implementation of the policy in the Kadamzhai district of Kyrgyzstan.

Findings suggest that historical continuities in pasture governance play an important role in the functioning of such policies. On the national level, the reliance of the state on the Soviet administrative and territorial division has reinforced pasture-use fragmentation, where different institutional actors struggle for authority over pastures. These struggles can be observed on the local level, where the implementation of policy is often challenged by forestry officials believing in the advantages of the Soviet fortress conservation, rather than community-based management.

Second, the local outcomes of policy depend on the compliant or resistant subject positions of individuals involved in pasture use. Policy implementation succeeded in the recruitment of compliant pasture committee chairmen, who claim to be interested in bringing good to the communities through steering the use of pastures. However, the procedures for the establishment of committees contributed to their top-down functioning, where herders often consider the committees as a state agency and find different strategies to avoid their imposed payments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University , 2017. , 158 p.
Series
Geographica, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 15
Keyword [en]
Decentralization, environmentality, pastures, CBNRM, Kadamzhai, Kyrgyzstan
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320303ISBN: 978-91-506-2637-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-320303DiVA: diva2:1089170
Public defence
2017-06-07, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-05-19

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2719 kB)155 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2719 kBChecksum SHA-512
8d937f0deae7d6f6b52cac7ff27f465f1cdabff491fd1eebb54ab4f667f44b6ff9306c358d9eaff27e433cda936c522d5383ca40f7835a9ee1b5a80eddb0c984
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Murzabekov, Marat
By organisation
Department of Social and Economic Geography
Human Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 155 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 1101 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf