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Late Danubian mitochondrial genomes shed light into the Neolithisation of Central Europe in the 5th millennium BC
Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Fac Hist, Inst Archaeol, Umultowska 89D, PL-61614 Poznan, Poland..
Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Fac Biol, Inst Anthropol, Dept Human Evolutionary Biol, Umultowska 89, PL-61614 Poznan, Poland..
Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Fac Biol, Inst Anthropol, Dept Human Evolutionary Biol, Umultowska 89, PL-61614 Poznan, Poland.;Charles Univ Prague, Fac Educ, Dept Biol & Environm Studies, Magdaleny Rettigove 4, Prague 11639, Czech Republic..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Evolution and Developmental Biology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
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2017 (English)In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, ISSN 1471-2148, E-ISSN 1471-2148, Vol. 17, 80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Recent aDNA studies are progressively focusing on various Neolithic and Hunter-Gatherer (HG) populations, providing arguments in favor of major migrations accompanying European Neolithisation. The major focus was so far on the Linear Pottery Culture (LBK), which introduced the Neolithic way of life in Central Europe in the second half of 6th millennium BC. It is widely agreed that people of this culture were genetically different from local HGs and no genetic exchange is seen between the two groups. From the other hand some degree of resurgence of HGs genetic component is seen in late Neolithic groups belonging to the complex of the Funnel Beaker Cultures (TRB). Less attention is brought to various middle Neolithic cultures belonging to Late Danubian sequence which chronologically fall in between those two abovementioned groups. We suspected that genetic influx from HG to farming communities might have happened in Late Danubian cultures since archaeologists see extensive contacts between those two communities. Results: Here we address this issue by presenting 5 complete mitochondrial genomes of various late Danubian individuals from modern-day Poland and combining it with available published data. Our data show that Late Danubian cultures are maternally closely related to Funnel Beaker groups instead of culturally similar LBK. Conclusions: We assume that it is an effect of the presence of individuals belonging to U5 haplogroup both in Late Danubians and the TRB. The U5 haplogroup is thought to be a typical for HGs of Europe and therefore we argue that it is an additional evidence of genetic exchange between farming and HG groups taking place at least as far back as in middle Neolithic, in the Late Danubian communities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2017. Vol. 17, 80
Keyword [en]
Ancient DNA, Mitochondrial DNA, U5 haplogroup, Danubian Neolithic, Neolithic transition
National Category
Evolutionary Biology Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-320212DOI: 10.1186/s12862-017-0924-0ISI: 000397337800001PubMedID: 28302068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-320212DiVA: diva2:1088924
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 311413
Available from: 2017-04-18 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved

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Malmström, HelenaJakobsson, Mattias
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