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Vilka reser med kollektivtrafik i lands- och glesbygd?: demografi och resmönster
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Society, environment and transport, Transport economics, TEK.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7976-5628
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Who travels with public transport in rural areas? : demography and travel patterns (English)
Abstract [sv]

Mot bakgrund av VTI:s regeringsuppdrag Innovativa och effektiva lösningar för kollektiva resor på landsbygd identifierades ett behov av en kartläggning om hur Sveriges landsortsbefolkning reser. Särskilt behövs kunskap om vilka som reser kollektivt och i vilka ärenden. Denna kunskap bör även vara angelägen för beslutsfattare inom området. Bland annat miljö- och tillgänglighetsmål har föranlett en intensifierad diskussion om hur kollektivtrafiken i landsbygd kan förbättras samtidigt som resurserna alltjämt är begränsade. Ökad kunskap om nuvarande resmönster förbättrar möjligheten att finna åtgärder med önskvärd effekt.

Tidigare studier redogör för det generella resmönstret, fördelning mellan färdmedel med mera, men de går inte djupare in på hur kollektivtrafik används i landsbygd och av vilka. Dessutom tillämpas vanligen en kommunbaserad definition av landsbygd som i och med sin grovhet riskerar att ge betydande brus i statistiken. I vad som kallas landsbygdskommuner finns ofta områden av tätort och i mer tätbefolkade kommuner kan det finnas områden av lands- och glesbygd. Sammantaget bedöms det finnas ett behov av en ny kartläggning med:

 inriktning på kollektivtrafikresenärer i landsbygd

 större precision i hur statistiken i den nationella resevaneundersökningen kopplas till landsbygd.

Abstract [en]

The Swedish government has commissioned VTI to study and assess innovative and efficient solutions for public transport in rural areas. To be successful in this task, it is essential with comprehensive knowledge on how the Swedish rural population travels, especially on the demographics and traveling patterns of today’s users of public transportation. This should also be of great interest for policy makers. Political goals linked to accessibility and environmental issues have contributed to an intensified discussion on how to improve public transport in rural areas whilst also considering the ever-present budget constraints. Arguably, improved knowledge on present traveling patterns enhances the possibilities of finding effective and economically sound solutions.

Previous Swedish studies have described the general travel patterns and the distribution between transport modes, but they have not gone into depth on how public transport is used in rural areas and by whom. Moreover, these studies have usually applied a municipality based definition of rural areas which is likely to cause significant noise in the statistics due to its roughness. There are often several towns and urban areas even within dominantly rural municipalities, and there may be areas of rural character in more densely populated municipalities. Altogether, there is a need for a new study of the national traveling statistics with:

 focus on public transport in rural areas

 greater precision in how statistics from the national travel habit survey is linked to the countryside.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, 2017. , 32 p.
Series
VTI notat, 13-2017
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:vti:diva-11771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:vti-11771DiVA: diva2:1088506
Available from: 2017-04-18 Created: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved

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