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Analyticity, Necessity and Belief: Aspects of two-dimensional semantics
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9128-2565
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A glass couldn't contain water unless it contained H2O-molecules. Likewise, a man couldn't be a bachelor unless he was unmarried. Now, the latter is what we would call a conceptual or analytical truth. It's also what we would call a priori. But it's hardly a conceptual or analytical truth that if a glass contains water, then it contains H2O-molecules. Neither is it a priori. The fact that water is composed of H2O-molecules was an empirical discovery made in the eighteenth century. The fact that all bachelors are unmarried was not. But neither is a logical truth, so how do we explain the difference? Two-dimensional semantics is a framework that promises to shed light on these issues. The main purpose of this thesis is to understand and evaluate this framework in relation to various alternatives, to see whether some version of it can be defended. I argue that it fares better than the alternatives. However, much criticism of two-dimensionalism has focused on its alleged inability to provide a proper semantics for certain epistemic operators, in particular the belief operator and the a priori operator. In response to this criticism, a two-dimensional semantics for belief ascriptions is developed using structured propositions. In connection with this, a number of other issues in the semantics of belief ascriptions are addressed, concerning indexicals, beliefs de se, beliefs de re, and the problem of logical omniscience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Philosophy, Stockholm University , 2017. , p. 193
Keywords [en]
two-dimensional semantics, quantified modal logic, propositional attitudes, belief ascriptions, Kripke, descriptivism, necessity, apriority, analyticity
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Theoretical Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141565ISBN: 978-91-7649-776-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7649-777-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141565DiVA, id: diva2:1087481
Public defence
2017-05-27, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-04-07 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved

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