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Environmental Risk Factors for Diabetes Mellitus in Cats
Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, POB 7054, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, POB 7054, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2071-5866
Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, POB 7054, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden..
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, ISSN 0891-6640, E-ISSN 1939-1676, Vol. 31, no 1, 29-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundDiabetes in cats resembles type 2 diabetes in people. The etiology is not fully understood, but both genetic and environmental factors are believed to contribute. ObjectivesTo assess the associations of environmental risk factors with diabetes in cats. AnimalsCats with a diagnosis of diabetes (n = 396) insured by a Swedish insurance company during years 2009-2013, and a control group (n = 1,670) matched on birth year. MethodsA web-based questionnaire was used in a case-control study. An invitation to participate was sent to owners of 1,369 diabetic cats and 5,363 control cats. The survey contained questions related to the cat's breed, age, sex, neutering status, body condition, housing, access to the outdoors, activity level, diet, eating behavior, feeding routine, general health, stressful events, other pets in the household, medications, and vaccination status. Data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. ResultsResponse rate was 35% for the diabetic group and 32% for the control group. Indoor confinement, being a greedy eater, and being overweight were associated with an increased risk of diabetes. In cats assessed by owners as being normal weight, there was an association between eating predominantly dry food and an increased risk of diabetes (Odds ratio 3.8; 95% confidence intervals 1.3-11.2). Conclusions and Clinical ImportanceDry food is commonly fed to cats worldwide. The association found between dry food and an increased risk of diabetes in cats assessed as normal weight by owners warrants further attention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2017. Vol. 31, no 1, 29-35 p.
Keyword [en]
Case-control study, Dry food, Logistic regression, Type 2 diabetes
National Category
Veterinary Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319675DOI: 10.1111/jvim.14618ISI: 000394710200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319675DiVA: diva2:1087467
Available from: 2017-04-07 Created: 2017-04-07 Last updated: 2017-04-07Bibliographically approved

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Fall, Tove
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