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Organdonation: En normativ studie utifrån utilitarism och klassisk liberalism och deras applicerbarhet på svensk lagstiftning
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it makes a normative idea analysis concerning organ donation, by comparing the perspectives of utilitarianism and classical liberalism. Secondly, it applies these perspectives on the Swedish legislation, in order to understand it in a political philosophical view. As a theoretical framework, the paper uses the two perspectives´ overarching ethical standpoints, but also try to discern their views on four - for the topic -appropriate concepts, these being the concepts of liberty, consent and self-ownership. These are then bundled together into two so-called ”ideal types”, to use for making normative statements about what the most morally right legislation would be concerning organ donation.

In utilitarianism, an agent-neutral overall happiness is at the forefront, which leads it to prioritize an increase in donations over the autonomy of the individual. This makes the case for a conscription of organs or the softer notion of an opt-out system. Classical liberalism focus more on the right to self-ownership and negative liberty, and therefore argue for an opt-in system, which requires the explicit consent of the individual. Lastly, the paper makes the claim that the Swedish legislation falls in a category inbetween the normative judgements of the two perspectives, as it prescribes an opt-out system, but reserves the right of the family to refuse a donation, in case the deceased had not made a choice ante mortem.    

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 34 p.
Keyword [en]
Organ donation, utilitarianism, classic liberalism, consent, self-ownership, freedom, normative
Keyword [sv]
organdonation, utilitarism, klassisk liberalism, samtycke, självägarskap, frihet, normativ
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-62127DiVA: diva2:1087357
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
Presentation
2017-01-18, K3040, Universitetsplatsen 1, Växjö, 15:07 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-19 Created: 2017-04-06 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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