Organdonation: En normativ studie utifrån utilitarism och klassisk liberalism och deras applicerbarhet på svensk lagstiftning
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly, it makes a normative idea analysis concerning organ donation, by comparing the perspectives of utilitarianism and classical liberalism. Secondly, it applies these perspectives on the Swedish legislation, in order to understand it in a political philosophical view. As a theoretical framework, the paper uses the two perspectives´ overarching ethical standpoints, but also try to discern their views on four - for the topic -appropriate concepts, these being the concepts of liberty, consent and self-ownership. These are then bundled together into two so-called ”ideal types”, to use for making normative statements about what the most morally right legislation would be concerning organ donation.
In utilitarianism, an agent-neutral overall happiness is at the forefront, which leads it to prioritize an increase in donations over the autonomy of the individual. This makes the case for a conscription of organs or the softer notion of an opt-out system. Classical liberalism focus more on the right to self-ownership and negative liberty, and therefore argue for an opt-in system, which requires the explicit consent of the individual. Lastly, the paper makes the claim that the Swedish legislation falls in a category inbetween the normative judgements of the two perspectives, as it prescribes an opt-out system, but reserves the right of the family to refuse a donation, in case the deceased had not made a choice ante mortem.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 34 p.
Organ donation, utilitarianism, classic liberalism, consent, self-ownership, freedom, normative
organdonation, utilitarism, klassisk liberalism, samtycke, självägarskap, frihet, normativ
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-62127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-62127DiVA: diva2:1087357
Subject / course
International Social Sciences Programme, specialization Global Studies, 180 credits
2017-01-18, K3040, Universitetsplatsen 1, Växjö, 15:07 (Swedish)
Lindberg, Helen, Lektor, biträdande
Enroth, Henrik, Docent