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Att begripliggöra det förflutna: En studie av hur åtta historielärare i samtal och planering föreställer sig historieundervisning inriktad mot att motverka fragmentering
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7340-2308
2017 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Making sense of the past : A study of how eight history teachers in dialogue and planning imagine history teaching in order to prevent fragmentation (English)
Abstract [en]

Fragmentation refers to the difficulties that students face when attempting to utilise substantive knowledge to make a useable big picture of the past. What possibilities are there to prevent fragmentation, within the framework of regular history teaching in school? In this thesis I tackle this question with interest in teaching methods proposed by history teachers.

The research project is designed with the intention to provide the participating teachers with “reasonably good conditions” to be able to form an opinion about the problem of fragmentation. In the research project the participating teachers take part of litterature from the research field of history teaching, and processing the problem of fragmentation through discussion in focus groups and through planning of a history course.

In this study I investigate how eight history teachers, given “reasonably good conditions”, imagine feasible teaching in order to prevent fragmentation within the frames of a History 1a1 course. Three research objects are being investigated. What are the teachers´ views regarding: 1) efficient teaching to prevent fragmentation? 2) the framework of teaching? 3) a History course that is including an action plan in order to prevent fragmentation?

The study shows that the teachers experience limited possibilities to conduct efficient teaching to prevent fragmentation within the frames of a History 1a1-course. The teachers still, regardless of these limitations, find it possible to conduct strategically focused teaching to prevent fragmentation. The teaching strategies presented by the teachers can be more or less significant and the teachers are not necessarily prepared to allot time and resources to these strategies. Feasible teaching in order to prevent fragmentation is not necessarily associated with strategically aimed teaching.

Abstract [sv]

Elevers svar på vad som har hänt i det förflutna består många gånger av lösryckt historisk stoffkunskap i form av årtal, anekdoter, händelser och historiska personer. Få elever kan använda historiska kunskaper för att konstruera stora och användbara bilder av det förflutna. I denna explorativa designstudie undersöks historielärares föreställningar om hur fragmentering kan motverkas i historieundervisningen.  

Studien baseras på empiriskt material från "workshops" med åtta historielärare på gymnasiet. Lärarnas huvuduppgift bestod i att planera och presentera en planering av en Historia 1a1-kurs som innefattar en handlingsplan för att motverka fragmentering. Analysen visar bland annat att de medverkande lärarna upplever möjlighetsrummet att bedriva effektiv undervisning mot fragmentering inom ramarna för Historia 1a1-kursen som begränsat, dock inte obefintligt. Inom detta begränsade möjlighetsrum ser lärarna bland annat vissa möjligheter att bedriva strategiskt inriktad undervisning mot fragmentering.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2017. , 201 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:14
Series
Studier i de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik, 31
Keyword [en]
history teaching, fragmentation, big picture history, educational design research, teaching strategy, upper secondary school, Historia 1a1
Keyword [sv]
Historieundervisning, fragmentering, big picture history, skolutvecklingsforskning, undervisningsstrategi, gymnasieskola, Historia 1a1
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-48239ISBN: 978-91-7063-767-4 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7063-768-1 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-48239DiVA: diva2:1086405
Presentation
2017-05-19, Möckelngymnasiet, Degerfors, Aulan, Parkgatan 2, 693 33, Degerfors, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-05-23 Created: 2017-04-03 Last updated: 2017-05-23Bibliographically approved

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