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Participación ciudadana en las agendas 21 locales: cuestiones críticas de la gobernanza urbana
Univ Complutense Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5511-2390
Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain..
2011 (Spanish)In: Scripta Nova: revista electrónica de geografía y ciencias sociales, ISSN 1138-9788, E-ISSN 1138-9788, Vol. 15, no 355, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmental planning such as the Local Agenda 21 (LA21) launched by United Nations in the Summit of Rio de Janeiro in 1992, has been increasingly used as a new strategy of urban governance without challenging the mainstream patterns of economic growth and representative democracy. This kind of planning focuses on sustainable issues of both cities and global spaces by means of public debate, citizen involvement and consensual agreements. Along the last decade, the European Union has supported and funded many of these planning processes based on the assumption that they will improve urban sustainability and citizen participation. Nevertheless, we think that the supposed new styles of urban governance and citizen participation implied by LA21 processes do not change substantially the pluralist and elitist ways of urban governability. What we have discovered due to the comparative analysis of two cases of successful LA21, one in Portugal and one in Spain, is that citizen participation was not so plural as expected, and had little consequences for the improvement of participatory democracy and urban sustainability. Based on in-depth interviews and documents, our assessment of these two LA21 processes also shows that local politics -such as the cycles of mobilization and the social networks around public services- and supra-local contexts -such as the ways of management conflicts and EU funds by one euroregional lobby- are relevant for explaining the apparent success of citizen participation in these two cities. Finally, we indicate several social conflicts which were disrupting the whole processes. Thus, we conclude by pointing out the methods and contexts of the actual implementation of LA21 in order to explain why, in practice, citizen participation was conducted more by the action of authorities and managers than by the citizens who were involved in such a process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV BARCELONA, DEPT GEOGRAFIA HUMANA , 2011. Vol. 15, no 355, 1-11 p.
Keyword [en]
Local Agenda 21, environmental planning, urban governance, urban governability, citizen participation
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319187ISI: 000289108600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-319187DiVA: diva2:1086372
Note

Title in WoS: Citizen participation in local agendas 21: critical questions of urban governance

Available from: 2017-04-02 Created: 2017-04-02 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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