Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Parental separation in childhood as a risk factor for depression in adulthood: a community-based study of adolescents screened for depression and followed up after 15 years
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.; Stockholm Cty Council, Stockholm Hlth Care Serv, Stockholm, Sweden..
Stockholm Univ, Karolinska Inst, Ctr Hlth Equ Studies CHESS, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Ctr Psychiat Res, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
2017 (English)In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 17, 117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Earlier research has investigated the association between parental separation and long-term health outcomes among offspring, but few studies have assessed the potentially moderating role of mental health status in adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyze whether parental separation in childhood predicts depression in adulthood and whether the pattern differs between individuals with and without earlier depression.

Methods

A community-based sample of individuals with adolescent depression in 1991–93 and matched non-depressed peers were followed up using a structured diagnostic interview after 15 years. The participation rate was 65% (depressed n = 227; non-depressed controls n = 155). Information on parental separation and conditions in childhood and adolescence was collected at baseline. The outcome was depression between the ages 19–31 years; information on depression was collected at the follow-up diagnostic interview. The statistical method used was binary logistic regression.

Results

Our analyses showed that depressed adolescents with separated parents had an excess risk of recurrence of depression in adulthood, compared with depressed adolescents with non-separated parents. In addition, among adolescents with depression, parental separation was associated with an increased risk of a switch to bipolar disorder in adulthood. Among the matched non-depressed peers, no associations between parental separation and adult depression or bipolar disorder were found.

Conclusions

Parental separation may have long-lasting health consequences for vulnerable individuals who suffer from mental illness already in adolescence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 17, 117
Keyword [en]
Adolescence, Divorce, Family type, Family structure, Depression, Prospective, Bipolar
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-318965DOI: 10.1186/s12888-017-1252-zISI: 000397656300002PubMedID: 28356107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-318965DiVA: diva2:1085609
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-1741
Available from: 2017-03-29 Created: 2017-03-29 Last updated: 2017-04-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(638 kB)69 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 638 kBChecksum SHA-512
1164532d4481690a173fd695baa3f1969ed5bf5c78c65695d61c50f5b1bc52caa9c9a0b67cfad115d0e8d628f8b1071088276a3b8bc9999fe3c1a4711219aa50
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bohman, HannesPäären, AivarJonsson, Ulf
By organisation
Child and Adolescent PsychiatryDepartment of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
BMC Psychiatry
Psychiatry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 69 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 610 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf