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Evaluation and optimization of advanced oxidation coagulation filtration (AOCF) to produce drinking water with less than 1 μg/L of arsenic
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. Brabant Water NV, 5200 BC 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands. (KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group)
2014 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Arsenic is an extremely poisonous element. It has been reported to cause contamination of drinking water sources in many parts of the world. The current drinking water permissible limit for arsenic in the European Union is 10 μg/L. The World Health Organization has a general rule that no substance may have a higher lifetime risk of more than 1 in 100,000. However, several studies on toxicity of arsenic suggest that purely based on health effects the arsenic limit of 10 μg/L is not sufficient. The main goal of this research was to develop an efficient arsenic removal technology that could be able to produce drinking water with an arsenic concentration of less than 1 μg/L. For this purpose, an innovative three step technique, Advanced Oxidation - Coagulation - Filtration (AOCF), was investigated through bench-scale and pilot scale experiments in the Netherlands at the water treatment plant of Dorst. Firstly, prior to the investigations on AOCF, the existing arsenic removal at the water treatment plant was investigated. Secondly, through a series of bench-scale experiments, the optimum type of coagulant, its combination dose with the selected chemical oxidant and optimum process pH were determined. Eventually, the partially optimized technique from the bench-scale was implemented at the pilot scale physical model of water treatment plant Dorst where AOCF was evaluated for arsenic removal and its effect on the removal of other common undesirable groundwater constituents. The optimized AOCF technology consistently removed arsenic from groundwater to below 1 ug/L when implemented at pilot scale. The overall effluent quality also remained acceptable. The method is efficient with both types of filtration media tested in this research i.e., virgin sand and metal oxide coated sand, however virgin sand media showed slightly better arsenic removal efficiency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , p. 101
Series
TRITA-LWR Report, ISSN 1650-8610 ; 1
Keywords [en]
Arsenic removal; Coagulation; Drinking water treatment; Iron removal; Potassium permanganate (KMnO4); Ferric chloride (FeCl3)
National Category
Other Natural Sciences Environmental Engineering Water Treatment
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-204596ISBN: 978-91-7595-042-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-204596DiVA, id: diva2:1085496
Note

QC 20170330

Available from: 2017-03-29 Created: 2017-03-29 Last updated: 2017-05-18

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TRITA-LWR Report 2014-1_AOCF(2052 kB)91 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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