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Understanding the relationship between property development and Bus Rapid Transit: A spatiotemporal analysis of transit oriented development in Curitiba, Brazil
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The city of Curitiba in southern Brazil is considered to be the cradle of the Bus Rapid Transit

(BRT) system. Curitiba has a population of around 1.9 million people and has a higher

development index than Brazil in general. A master plan approved in the middle of the 1960’s

has guided development of the city in a Transit Oriented Development (TOD) direction by

zoning for high development densities close to the five BRT trunk lines in so-called structural

axes. This thesis aimed at performing a spatiotemporal and statistical analysis of property

development in Curitiba, to examine if the BRT system could have been a motivator for

property development, and if so, to what extent. Spatial data including for instance a database

of building permits, population densities, social housing locations and cost of land were used

in the analysis. The analysis was divided into three themes to examine property development

from three perspectives; Timing of Development, Density of Development and Social Housing

Inclusion. Results for the entire BRT system showed that a greater “time lag” of property

development following BRT development also meant that the property in question was located

further away from a BRT line, suggesting that areas close to the BRT were popular. The

individual lines showed different effects of timing of development, relating to the heterogenic

surroundings and the characteristics of the time periods when the BRT was implemented. High

development densities are found in the structural corridors, but high population densities are

not only found there but also in areas in the South and Southwest parts of Curitiba. These areas

coincide with areas of social housing, which historically has been planned in areas not served

by the trunk lines of the BRT system. The conclusion of the thesis is that the BRT system

certainly has been a motivator for property development, and that TOD planning with

thoughtful zoning can be a powerful tool to direct property development. In order to counteract

urban segregation, strategies for including social housing in the structural axes must

be

implemented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Series
TSC-MT, 16-008
Keyword [en]
BRT, TOD, Curitiba, Social housing, Property development, Population Density
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-204599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-204599DiVA: diva2:1085484
External cooperation
Available from: 2017-03-29 Created: 2017-03-29

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