Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Processer och motorer i lokalt skolförbättringsarbete
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Processes and motors in local school improvement work (English)
Abstract [en]

In the last decades there has been a growing interest in studying processes in improvement work. A particular interest has been the improvement process that the organisation undergoes and why events evolve in the way they do. By better understanding improvement processes and identifying supporting and hindering forces, the possibilities successfully to plan and implement improvement work in a systematic way increases. The focus of this thesis is organisation processes in schools and the relations that hold between planned and emergent improvement, when using a research-based strategy. The aim of the study is to describe and understand how processes are initiated, developed and completed when using a strategy called ‘Scope for Action Model’(frirumsstrategin).

The empirical material of the study was organised and analysed according to Van de Ven’s and Poole’s four ideal types for process studies. Within each type, motors have been identified, which contain generative mechanisms that are a key to how actions, events and activities emerge and are driven forward.

The results of the study show that the emergent initiatives are more frequent than the planned ones and that they are more likely to generate an improvement – in the study defined as something new in the organisation. However, on several occasions the planned improvement work inspires emergent initiatives for improvement and in some cases seems to be a fundamental condition for their existence. The different motors, which in the analysis are seen as driving forces, support or challenge each other, making the process develop and produce a result.

The study shows that the participants reshape the strategy to make it fit into the organisation of the school. The results also show that teachers and principals have to be well-informed of how to work with a strategy in a practical and constructive way. They have to be able to translate crucial moments in the strategy to stimulate the participants to creative actions. The strategy for school improvement is not shown to be a solution which itself can create improvement, but in combination with the participant’s creative goal settings it can be a contributory factor.

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling riktar intresset mot skolförbättring och de processer som uppstår när en planerad förändring genomförs på skolor med stöd av en forskningsbaserad strategi. Syftet med avhandlingen är att beskriva och förstå hur dessa processer - i arbetet med frirumsstrategin - initieras, fortlöper och avslutas.

Studien visar att det finns relationer mellan planerade och framväxande processer. De framväxande processerna är mest frekventa och har sin grund i deltagarnas egna målformuleringar. De förmår skapa utveckling i skolverksamheterna, något de planerade processerna inte lyckas med. Det planerade förbättringsarbetet tycks bidra genom att vara en inspirationskälla eller i vissa fall en förutsättning för de framväxande initiativ som tas av deltagare från olika delar av organisationen. Studien pekar på att en strategi kan vara igångsättare av förbättringsarbete och utgöra en grund för skolor att utgå från.

Av resultatet framgår att det är viktigt att rektorer och lärare har goda kunskaper om förbättringsarbetets processer för att kunna använda strategin på ett konstruktivt sätt. Genom att ha insikt i vilka mekanismer som påverkar processer kan ett förbättringsarbete ledas medvetet samt tillåtas innehålla både de konflikter och den samstämmighet som kan bidra till att utveckling sker.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstads universitet, 2017. , p. 219
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2017:11
Keywords [en]
Change processes, emergent change, generative mechanism, motors, planned change, school improvement, ‘Scope for Action Model’, strategy
Keywords [sv]
förändringsprocess, framväxande förändringar, frirumsstrategin, generativa mekanismer, generativa motorer, planerad förändring, skolförbättring, strategi
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-48175ISBN: 978-91-7063-761-2 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7063-762-9 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-48175DiVA, id: diva2:1083139
Public defence
2017-04-21, 9C 203 Nyquistsalen, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-20 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(3858 kB)1905 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 3858 kBChecksum SHA-512
4da86562fd2d8ed1ea6a2614607f6eaf9bed13e7ae102f251d570ec2d816cdf0cb7843a88d7a958355298d828427d0bedce87394124c4d685cfe29e41b811e38
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Educational Studies
Pedagogy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1905 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1997 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf