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Seasonal Variations in Abundance and Diversity of Bacterial Mathanotrophs in Five Temperate Lakes
Univ Otago, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Dunedin, New Zealand..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4265-1835
2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, E-ISSN 1664-302X, Vol. 8, article id 142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lakes are significant sources of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere. Within these systems, methanotrophs consume CH4 and act as a potential biofilter mitigating the emission of this potent greenhouse gas. However, it is still not well understood how spatial and temporal variation in environmental parameters influence the abundance, diversity, and community structure of methanotrophs in lakes. To address this gap in knowledge, we collected water samples from three depths (surface, middle, and bottom) representing oxic to suboxic or anoxic zones of five different Swedish lakes in winter (ice-covered) and summer. Methanotroph abundance was determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and a comparison to environmental variables showed that temperature, season as well as depth, phosphate concentration, dissolved oxygen, and CH4 explained the observed variation in methanotroph abundance. Due to minimal differences in methane concentrations (0.19 and 0.29 mu M for summer and winter, respectively), only a weak and even negative correlation was observed between CH4 and methanotrophs, which was possibly due to usage of CH4. Methanotrophs were present at concentrations ranging from 105 to 106 copies/l throughout the oxic (surface) and suboxic/anoxic (bottom) water mass of the lakes, but always contributed less than 1.3% to the total microbial community. Relative methanotroph abundance was significantly higher in winter than in summer and consistently increased with depth in the lakes. Phylogenetic analysis of pmoA genes in two clone libraries from two of the ice-covered lakes (Ekoln and Ramsen) separated the methanotrophs into five distinct clusters of Methylobacter sp. (Type I). Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the pmoA gene further revealed significant differences in methanotrophic communities between lakes as well as between winter and summer while there were no significant differences between water layers. The study provides new insights into diversity, abundance, community composition and spatial as well as temporal distribution of freshwater methanotrophs in low-methane dimictic lakes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 8, article id 142
Keyword [en]
methanotrophs, methane, pmoA, qPCR, T-RFLP, lakes, ice cover
National Category
Microbiology Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316934DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00142ISI: 000393373400001PubMedID: 28217121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-316934DiVA, id: diva2:1079684
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-03-09 Created: 2017-03-09 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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