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Kulning (Swedish Cattle Calls): Acoustic, EGG, Stroboscopic and High-Speed Video Analyses of an Unusual Singing Style
Department of Otolaryngology and Phoniatrics – Head and Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland.
Speech and Voice Research Laboratory, School of Education, University of Tampere, Finland.
Division of Speech and Language pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3734-0757
2016 (English)In: Interspeech 2016, 8-12 Sep 2016, San Francisco / [ed] Nelson Morgan, International Speech Communication Association, 2016, p. 1132-1135Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish cattle call singing style ‘kulning’ is surprisingly understudied, despite its mythical status in folklore. While some acoustic and physiological aspects have been addressed previously [1,2], a more detailed analysis is still lacking. Previous work [2] showed that sound pressurelevel (SPL) in kulning tapered off less than in head register as a function of distance, which warrants a study of underlying physiological mechanisms responsible for this. In the present paper, the same singer, singing the same song – in kulning and in head register (“falsetto”) mode – was recorded indoors.Electroglottographic (EGG), stroboscopic, high-speed endoscopic and audio registrations were made. Analyses examined differences between kulning and head register. Results show somewhat higher SPL in kulning than in head register confirming the previous findings. EGG showed longer relative glottal closed time and higher amplitude of the signalin kulning. This suggests better vocal fold contact in kulning. Flexible nasofiberoscopy and high-speed recordings during kulning showed medial and antero-posterior narrowing of the laryngeal inlet, a clear approximation of the false vocal folds and marked adduction of the vocal folds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Speech Communication Association, 2016. p. 1132-1135
Series
Proceedings in ISCA Archive / Proceedings USB, ISSN 1990-9770, E-ISSN 2308-457X
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135033DOI: 10.21437/Interspeech.2016-1082ISI: 000409394400235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-135033DiVA, id: diva2:1078881
Conference
Understanding Speech Processing in Humans and Machines, September 8-12, 2016, The Hyatt Regency, San Francisco, California, USA
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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